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without examplesFound in 1 dictionary

Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary
  • Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary offers learners of English detailed coverage of today’s language. Written in simple, natural English, this dictionary is exceptionally easy to use and understand. The examples, which have all been taken from the Bank of English®, part of the prestigious Collins Word Web, are invaluable in providing context for words and phrases. The user will also have quick and easy access to grammatical information and additional information on synonyms, pragmatics and frequency. Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary - the complete reference tool for learners of English. Bank of English® is a registered trademark of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.

long

  1. [lɒ̱ŋgɪst, AM lɔ͟ːŋgɪst]

    TIME

    longest

    1. ADV-GRADED: ADV with v, oft ADV adv/prep Long means a great amount of time or for a great amount of time.

      PHRASE: PHR after v The expression for long is used to mean `for a great amount of time'.

    2. ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n A long event or period of time lasts for a great amount of time or takes a great amount of time.

    3. ADV-GRADED: how ADV, as ADV as, ADV-compar than You use long to ask or talk about amounts of time.

      ADJ-GRADED: how ADJ, amount ADJ

      • Long is also an adjective. How long is the usual stay in hospital?... The average commuter journey there is five hours long.

      COMB in ADJ

      • Long is also a combining form. She'd just returned from a month-long visit to Egypt.
    4. ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n A long speech, book, film, or list contains a lot of information or a lot of items and takes a lot of time to listen to, read, watch, or deal with.

    5. ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n If you describe a period of time or work as long, you mean it lasts for more hours or days than is usual, or seems to last for more time than it actually does.

    6. ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n If someone has a long memory, they are able to remember things that happened far back in the past.

    7. ADV: n ADV (emphasis) Long is used in expressions such as all year long, the whole day long, and your whole life long to say and emphasize that something happens for the whole of a particular period of time.

  2. [lɒ̱ŋgɪst, AM lɔ͟ːŋgɪst]

    DISTANCE AND SIZE

    longest

    1. ADJ-GRADED Something that is long measures a great distance from one end to the other.

    2. ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n A long distance is a great distance. A long journey or route covers a great distance.

    3. ADJ: ADJ n A long piece of clothing covers the whole of someone's legs or more of their legs than usual. Clothes with long sleeves cover the whole of someone's arms.

    4. ADJ-GRADED: amount ADJ, how ADJ, as ADJ as, ADJ-compar than You use long to talk or ask about the distance something measures from one end to the other.

      COMB in ADJ

      • Long is also a combining form. ...a three-foot-long gash in the tanker's side.
    5. ADJ-GRADED: ADJ n If you describe a distance as long, you mean it seems to be greater than it actually is.

  3. [lɒ̱ŋgə(r), AM lɔ͟ːŋgər]

    PHRASES

    longer

    (Please look at category 7 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.)

    1. PHR-CONJ-SUBORD If you say that something is the case as long as or so long as something else is the case, you mean that it is only the case if the second thing is the case.

    2. PHRASE: oft it PHR before cl If you say that someone won't be long, you mean that you think they will arrive or be back soon. If you say that it won't be long before something happens, you mean that you think it will happen soon.

    3. PHRASE: PHR after v, PHR with cl If you say that something will happen or happened before long, you mean that it will happen or happened soon.

    4. PHRASE (approval) You use long live and long may in expressions such as `long live the Queen' and `long may it continue' to express your support for someone or something and your hope that they will live or last a long time.

    5. PHRASE: PHR group/cl, PHR with v Something that is no longer the case used to be the case but is not the case now. You can also say that something is not the case any longer.

    6. CONVENTION (formulae) You can say so long as an informal way of saying goodbye.

    7. as long as your arm see arm

      by a long chalk see chalk

      a long face see face

      at long last see last

      in the long run see run

      a long shot see shot

      in the long term see term

      long in the tooth see tooth

      to take the long view see view

      to go a long way see way

  4. [lɒ̱ŋ, AM lɔ͟ːŋ]

    VERB USES

    longs, longing, longed

    VERB

    If you long for something, you want it very much.

    See also longing

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long1/25
lɒ̱ŋgɪst, AM lɔ͟ːŋgɪstVerbADV-GRADED: ADV with, oft ADV adv/prep Long means a great amount of time or for a great amount of time.Examples

Repairs to the cable did not take too long...
Have you known her parents long?...
I learned long ago to avoid these invitations...
The railway had obviously been built long after the house...
Chess has long been regarded as a measure of intellect.
...long-established social traditions.

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Word forms

long

adverb
Positive degreelong
Comparative degreelonger
Superlative degreelongest

long

noun
SingularPlural
Common caselonglongs
Possessive caselong'slongs'

long

adjective
Positive degreelong
Comparative degreelonger
Superlative degreelongest

long

verb
Basic forms
Pastlonged
Imperativelong
Present Participle (Participle I)longing
Past Participle (Participle II)longed
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I longwe long
you longyou long
he/she/it longsthey long
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am longingwe are longing
you are longingyou are longing
he/she/it is longingthey are longing
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have longedwe have longed
you have longedyou have longed
he/she/it has longedthey have longed
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been longingwe have been longing
you have been longingyou have been longing
he/she/it has been longingthey have been longing
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I longedwe longed
you longedyou longed
he/she/it longedthey longed
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was longingwe were longing
you were longingyou were longing
he/she/it was longingthey were longing
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had longedwe had longed
you had longedyou had longed
he/she/it had longedthey had longed
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been longingwe had been longing
you had been longingyou had been longing
he/she/it had been longingthey had been longing
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will longwe shall/will long
you will longyou will long
he/she/it will longthey will long
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be longingwe shall/will be longing
you will be longingyou will be longing
he/she/it will be longingthey will be longing
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have longedwe shall/will have longed
you will have longedyou will have longed
he/she/it will have longedthey will have longed
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been longingwe shall/will have been longing
you will have been longingyou will have been longing
he/she/it will have been longingthey will have been longing
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would longwe should/would long
you would longyou would long
he/she/it would longthey would long
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be longingwe should/would be longing
you would be longingyou would be longing
he/she/it would be longingthey would be longing
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have longedwe should/would have longed
you would have longedyou would have longed
he/she/it would have longedthey would have longed
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been longingwe should/would have been longing
you would have been longingyou would have been longing
he/she/it would have been longingthey would have been longing
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am longedwe are longed
you are longedyou are longed
he/she/it is longedthey are longed
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being longedwe are being longed
you are being longedyou are being longed
he/she/it is being longedthey are being longed
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been longedwe have been longed
you have been longedyou have been longed
he/she/it has been longedthey have been longed
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was longedwe were longed
you were longedyou were longed
he/she/it was longedthey were longed
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being longedwe were being longed
you were being longedyou were being longed
he/she/it was being longedthey were being longed
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been longedwe had been longed
you had been longedyou had been longed
he/she/it had been longedthey had been longed
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be longedwe shall/will be longed
you will be longedyou will be longed
he/she/it will be longedthey will be longed
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been longedwe shall/will have been longed
you will have been longedyou will have been longed
he/she/it will have been longedthey will have been longed