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Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary
  • Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary offers learners of English detailed coverage of today’s language. Written in simple, natural English, this dictionary is exceptionally easy to use and understand. The examples, which have all been taken from the Bank of English®, part of the prestigious Collins Word Web, are invaluable in providing context for words and phrases. The user will also have quick and easy access to grammatical information and additional information on synonyms, pragmatics and frequency. Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary - the complete reference tool for learners of English. Bank of English® is a registered trademark of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.

this

(The determiner is pronounced [ðɪs]. In other cases, this is pronounced [ðɪ̱s].)

  1. DET: DET sing-n/n-uncount You use this to refer back to a particular person or thing that has been mentioned or implied.

    PRON

    • This is also a pronoun. I don't know how bad the injury is, because I have never had one like this before.
  2. PRON You use this to introduce someone or something that you are going to talk about.

    DET: DET sing-n/n-uncount

    • This is also a determiner. `This report from David Cook of our Science Unit: ‘One of the biggest questions surrounding animal evolution is why did the dinosaurs become extinct about 70 million years ago?’'.
  3. PRON You use this to refer back to an idea or situation expressed in a previous sentence or sentences.

    DET: DET sing-n/n-uncount

    • This is also a determiner. There have been continual demands for action by the political authorities to put an end to this situation.
  4. DET: DET sing-n In spoken English, people use this to introduce a person or thing into a story.

  5. PRON You use this to refer to a person or thing that is near you, especially when you touch them or point to them. When there are two or more people or things near you, this refers to the nearest one.

    DET: DET sing-n

    • This is also a determiner. David beckons me to an archway behind the lectern. `This church was built by the Emperor Constantine Monomarchus in the eleventh century.'
  6. PRON: PRON with be You use this when you refer to a general situation, activity, or event which is happening or has just happened and which you feel involved in.

  7. DET: DET sing-n/n-uncount You use this when you refer to the place you are in now or to the present time.

    PRON

    • This is also a pronoun. This is the worst place I've come across... This could have been one of the coldest golf tournaments on record.
  8. DET: DET sing-n You use this to refer to the next occurrence in the future of a particular day, month, season, or festival.

  9. ADV: ADV adj You use this when you are indicating the size or shape of something with your hands.

  10. ADV: ADV adv You use this when you are going to specify how much you know or how much you can tell someone.

  11. CONVENTION (formulae) If you say this is it, you are agreeing with what someone else has just said.

  12. PRON You use this in order to say who you are or what organization you are representing, when you are speaking on the telephone, radio, or television.

  13. DET: DET sing-n You use this to refer to the medium of communication that you are using at the time of speaking or writing.

  14. See also these

  15. PHRASE If you say that you are doing or talking about this and that, or this, that, and the other you mean that you are doing or talking about a variety of things that you do not want to specify.

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The determiner is pronounced. In other cases, this is pronounced.

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Word forms

this

pronoun, demonstrative
Singularthis
Pluralthese