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Collins Portuguese Dictionary and Grammar
  • An up-to-date European and Brazilian Portuguese dictionary and user-friendly grammar guide. The ‘key word’ features, cultural notes and an easy-to-use grammar section make this the ideal study tool for intermediate learners.
  • Contants 85,000 references and 109,000 translations to help those learning Brazilian and European Portuguese.
  • ∙ This first edition offers extensive and relevant coverage of today's English and Portuguese, with thousands of phrases and examples guiding the user to the most appropriate translation.
  • ∙ Handy grammar guides to both Portuguese and English help users with the most important points – the perfect complement to the dictionary.
  • ∙ The clear typography gives the text a contemporary feel, and along with the alphabet tabs, ensures that users find the information they need quickly and easily.
  • ∙ Brazilian Portuguese with European Portuguese variants and both UK and US English shown.





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Word forms


Basic forms
Present Participle (Participle I)cringing
Past Participle (Participle II)cringed
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I cringewe cringe
you cringeyou cringe
he/she/it cringesthey cringe
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am cringingwe are cringing
you are cringingyou are cringing
he/she/it is cringingthey are cringing
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have cringedwe have cringed
you have cringedyou have cringed
he/she/it has cringedthey have cringed
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been cringingwe have been cringing
you have been cringingyou have been cringing
he/she/it has been cringingthey have been cringing
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I cringedwe cringed
you cringedyou cringed
he/she/it cringedthey cringed
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was cringingwe were cringing
you were cringingyou were cringing
he/she/it was cringingthey were cringing
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had cringedwe had cringed
you had cringedyou had cringed
he/she/it had cringedthey had cringed
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been cringingwe had been cringing
you had been cringingyou had been cringing
he/she/it had been cringingthey had been cringing
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will cringewe shall/will cringe
you will cringeyou will cringe
he/she/it will cringethey will cringe
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be cringingwe shall/will be cringing
you will be cringingyou will be cringing
he/she/it will be cringingthey will be cringing
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have cringedwe shall/will have cringed
you will have cringedyou will have cringed
he/she/it will have cringedthey will have cringed
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been cringingwe shall/will have been cringing
you will have been cringingyou will have been cringing
he/she/it will have been cringingthey will have been cringing
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would cringewe should/would cringe
you would cringeyou would cringe
he/she/it would cringethey would cringe
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be cringingwe should/would be cringing
you would be cringingyou would be cringing
he/she/it would be cringingthey would be cringing
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have cringedwe should/would have cringed
you would have cringedyou would have cringed
he/she/it would have cringedthey would have cringed
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been cringingwe should/would have been cringing
you would have been cringingyou would have been cringing
he/she/it would have been cringingthey would have been cringing
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am cringedwe are cringed
you are cringedyou are cringed
he/she/it is cringedthey are cringed
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being cringedwe are being cringed
you are being cringedyou are being cringed
he/she/it is being cringedthey are being cringed
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been cringedwe have been cringed
you have been cringedyou have been cringed
he/she/it has been cringedthey have been cringed
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was cringedwe were cringed
you were cringedyou were cringed
he/she/it was cringedthey were cringed
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being cringedwe were being cringed
you were being cringedyou were being cringed
he/she/it was being cringedthey were being cringed
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been cringedwe had been cringed
you had been cringedyou had been cringed
he/she/it had been cringedthey had been cringed
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be cringedwe shall/will be cringed
you will be cringedyou will be cringed
he/she/it will be cringedthey will be cringed
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been cringedwe shall/will have been cringed
you will have been cringedyou will have been cringed
he/she/it will have been cringedthey will have been cringed


Common casecringecringes
Possessive case--