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Большой словарь испанского языка Collins
  • Благодаря добавлению в очередное издание нескольких тысяч новых слов, этот лучший в мире большой словарь испанского языка остается идеальным пособием для изучения языка на продвинутом уровне и использования специалистами. С учетом текстового корпуса, состоящего из нескольких миллионов слов, подробных примечаний об испанском языке, грамматике, культуре и огромного количества идиом и примеров, это издание является самым большим словарем испанского языка на рынке.




Note that subject pronouns are used less in Spanish than in English - mainly for emphasis or to avoid ambiguity.

  1. (sing)

    1. (familiar) (=as subject) ; (as direct/indirect object) te; (after prep) ti

    2. frm (=as subject) usted, Ud, Vd; (as direct object) lo/la, le (Sp); (as indirect object) le; (after prep) usted, Ud, Vd

      Change [le] to [se] before a direct object pronoun:

  2. (pl)

    1. (familiar) (=as subject) vosotros(-as) (Sp), ustedes (LAm); (as direct object) os (Sp), los/las (LAm); (as indirect object) os (Sp), les (LAm); (after prep) vosotros(-as) (Sp), ustedes (LAm)

    2. frm (=as subject) ustedes, Uds, Vds; (as direct object) los/las, les (Sp); (as indirect object) les; (after prep) ustedes, Uds, Vds

      Change [les] to [se] before a direct object pronoun:

  3. (general)

    When you means "one" or "people" in general, the impersonal se is often used:

    A further possibility is [uno]:

    Impersonal constructions are also used:

  4. (phrases and special uses)


    When translating you, even though you often need not use the pronoun itself, you will have to choose between using familiar tú/vosotros verb forms and the polite usted/ustedes ones.

    ► In Spain, use and the plural vosotros/vosotras with anyone you call by their first name, with children and younger adults. Use usted/ustedes with people who are older than you, those in authority and in formal contexts.

    ► In Latin America usage varies depending on the country and in some places only the usted forms are used. Where the form does exist, only use it with people you know very well. In other areas vos, used with verb forms that are similar to the vosotros ones, often replaces . This is standard in Argentina and certain Central American countries while in other countries it is considered substandard. Use ustedes for all cases of you in the plural.

    For further uses and examples, see main entry

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