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without examplesFound in 14 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

background

['bækgraund] брит. / амер.

  1. сущ.

    1. задний план, фон; незаметная позиция

    2. подоплёка; подноготная (какого-л. события, явления)

    3. условие, исходные данные; предпосылка

    4. происхождение, биографические данные; связи, окружение (всё, что связано с жизнью человека)

    5. музыкальное или шумовое сопровождение

    6. физ. фоновое излучение

  2. гл.

    служить фоном

Learning (En-Ru)

background

['bækgraǔnd]

n

  1. задний план; фон

  2. предпосылки, данные

  3. происхождение

  4. подготовка, квалификация

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Examples from texts

The system already sets the proper background color, so the selected item is displayed properly even without any extra code on your part.
Система уже устанавливает соответствующий цвет фона, поэтому выбранный пункт выводится верно, даже безо всякого дополнительного программного кода с вашей стороны.
Cantu, Marco / Mastering Delphi 7Кэнту, М. / Delphi 7: для профессионалов
Delphi 7: для профессионалов
Кэнту, М.
© 2003 SYBEX Inc
© Перевод на русский язык, ЗАО Издательский дом «Питер», 2004
© Издание на русском языке, оформление, ЗАО Издательский дом «Питер», 2004
Mastering Delphi 7
Cantu, Marco
© 2003 SYBEX Inc
Before the role play, refer to the appropriate notes in this guide to remind yourself of the purpose of the role play, roles to be assigned, background information, and major points to make afterwards.
Перед началом ролевой игры обратитесь к соответствующему разделу Руководства, чтобы напомнить себе цели ролевой игры, список ролей и методику ролевой игры.
© 2001-2006 EurasiaHealth Knowledge Network and American International Health Alliance
This book is suitable for use as a reference text to provide background for a primary textbook in a first-level course on operating systems.
Данная книга подходит для использования в качестве справочного руководства для создания основы для учебника в начальной программе по операционным системам.
McKusick, Marshall Kirk,Neville-Neil, George V. / The design and implementation of the FreeBSD operating systemМакКузик, Маршалл Кирк,Невилл-Нил, Джордж В. / FreeBSD: архитектура и реализация
FreeBSD: архитектура и реализация
МакКузик, Маршалл Кирк,Невилл-Нил, Джордж В.
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
© Перевод «ИД КУДИЦ-ОБРАЗ», 2006
The design and implementation of the FreeBSD operating system
McKusick, Marshall Kirk,Neville-Neil, George V.
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
The exceptions, indeed, only served a little to vary the scene; and even beyond the parts of the shore that were comparatively low, the background was high, though more distant.
И даже в тех местах, где берег был довольно пологий, в некотором отдалении виднелись возвышенности.
Cooper, James Fenimore / The DeerslayerКупер, Джеймс Фенимор / Зверобой, или Первая тропа войны
Зверобой, или Первая тропа войны
Купер, Джеймс Фенимор
© Издательство "Детская литература", 1974
The Deerslayer
Cooper, James Fenimore
© Wordsworth Editions Limited 1995
With such an upbeat external background we expect that the Russian market will rise today.
В условиях столь положительного внешнего фона мы ожидаем, что российский рынок сегодня покажет рост.
© 2009-2010
© 2009-2010
Cartridges with background images 7 are fixed and connected to the third input of the video signals control processor 2.
Картриджи с фоновыми изображениями 7 установлены с подключением к третьему входу процессора управления 25 видеосигналами 2.
Darkening the background, as in 9( 11), is too time consuming.
На затемнение заднего плана, как на рис. 9(11), уходит слишком много времени.
Francis, George / A topological picturebookФрансис, Дж. / Книжка с картинками по топологии
Книжка с картинками по топологии
Франсис, Дж.
© 1987 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
© перевод на русский язык, Н. Ю. Нецветаев, 1991
A topological picturebook
Francis, George
© 1987 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Recent observations of the microwave background indicate that the universe contains enough matter to cause a time-reversed closed trapped surface.
Недавние наблюдения микроволнового фонового излучения свидетельствуют, что Вселенная содержит достаточное количество материи для возникновения замкнутой ловушечной поверхности при обращении времени.
Hawking, Stephen,Ellis, G.F.R. / The large scale structure of space-timeХокинг, Стивен,Эллис, Дж. / Крупномасштабная структура пространства-времени
Крупномасштабная структура пространства-времени
Хокинг, Стивен,Эллис, Дж.
© Cambridge University Press, 1973
© Перевод на русский язык, «Мир», 1977
The large scale structure of space-time
Hawking, Stephen,Ellis, G.F.R.
© Cambridge University Press 1973
Clumps of cannon-balls were strewn about the fields and the entire background of the fourteen foot canvas was covered with black slabs of massed bayonets.
Клубочками ядер одевались Бородинские поля, и черной тучей штыков покрывалась даль на двухсаженном полотне.
Bulgakov, Michail / The White GuardБулгаков, Михаил / Белая гвардия
Белая гвардия
Булгаков, Михаил
© Мурманское книжное издательство, 1990
The White Guard
Bulgakov, Michail
© 1971 by McGraw-Hill Book Company
There’s a lot of background research, for a start, a lot of history to sift through, a lot of people to talk to, and it’s not always easy.
Начнем с того, что нужно было изучить историю вопроса, переворошить всю информацию, касающуюся прошлого, со многими пообщаться, а это не всегда легко.
Robinson, Peter / Piece Of My HeartРобинсон, Питер / Растерзанное сердце
Растерзанное сердце
Робинсон, Питер
© 2006 by Eastvale Enterprises Inc.
© А. Капанадзе, перевод на русский язык, 2010
© ООО "Издательская группа "Аттикус", 2010 Издательство Иностранка
Piece Of My Heart
Robinson, Peter
© 2006 by Eastvale Enterprises Inc.
The cosmic background measured by the WMAP satellite would be just half an inch above the street.
А реликтовое космическое излучение, измеренное зондом Уилкинсона, поднято над уровнем тротуара на высоту всего лишь около полутора сантиметров.
Kaku, Michio / Parallel worlds : a journey through creation, higher dimensions, and the future of the cosmosКаку, Мичио / Параллельные миры: Об устройстве мироздания, высших измерениях и будущем Космоса
Параллельные миры: Об устройстве мироздания, высших измерениях и будущем Космоса
Каку, Мичио
© ООО Издательство «София», 2008
© 2005 by Michio Kaku
© «София», 2008
Parallel worlds : a journey through creation, higher dimensions, and the future of the cosmos
Kaku, Michio
© 2005 Michio Kaku
Its purpose is to enable one to grasp the origin of the equation from the physical background, rather than requiring us to pick the equation out of the air, and then to deduce the physical background from the equation.
Цель его — дать возможность понять происхождение этого уравнения из физических соображений, а не взять его «с потолка», чтобы затем путем рассуждений найти его физическое обоснование.
Bohm, David / Quantum TheoryБом, Д. / Квантовая теория
Квантовая теория
Бом, Д.
Quantum Theory
Bohm, David
© renewed 1979 by David Bohm.
© 1951 by Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Practicing money managers who have a quantitative background are forced to graft practical experience onto theory.
Практикующие менеджеры по регулированию денежных операций, которые имеют количественный опыт, вынуждены прививать практический опыт к теории.
Peters, Edgar E. / Fractal market analysis : applying chaos theory to investment and economicsПетерс, Эдгар Э. / Фрактальный анализ финансовых рынков: применение теории Хаоса в инвестициях и экономике
Фрактальный анализ финансовых рынков: применение теории Хаоса в инвестициях и экономике
Петерс, Эдгар Э.
© Originally published by John Wiley&Sons, Inc., 2003
© ООО "Интернет-трейдинг", 2004 г. (перевод)
Fractal market analysis : applying chaos theory to investment and economics
Peters, Edgar E.
© 1994 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
For instance, he made a point of never asserting himself when he would gain more by keeping in the background; and in consequence many exalted personages valued him principally for his humility and simplicity, and because "he knew his place".
Он, например, имел систему не выставляться, где надо стушевываться, и его многие ценили именно за его простоту, именно за то, что он знал всегда свое место.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / IdiotДостоевский, Фёдор / Идиот
Идиот
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1971
Idiot
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2004 by Fine Creative Media, Inc.
But the background radiation, when examined to finer precision, proves to be imperfectly symmetrical.
Однако более точные исследования выявили, что симметрия фонового излучения неидеальна.
Sagan, Carl / Cosmos: The story of cosmic evolution, science and civilizationСаган, Карл / Космос: Эволюция Вселенной, жизни и цивилизации
Космос: Эволюция Вселенной, жизни и цивилизации
Саган, Карл
© 2002 by The Estate of Carl Sagan
© Издание на русском языке, перевод, оформление. ЗАО ТИД «Амфора», 2004
Cosmos: The story of cosmic evolution, science and civilization
Sagan, Carl
© 1980 by Carl Sagan Productions, Inc.

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background1/36
'bækgraundNounзадний план; фон; незаметная позицияExamples

appropriate / fitting background — подходящий фон
the low cottage in the background — невысокий коттедж на заднем плане
The music served as a background to the recitation of poetry. — Музыка служила фоном для декламации поэзии.

User translations

The part of speech is not specified

  1. 1.

    фон

    translation added by Евгений Жабаровский
    Bronze en-ru
    0
  2. 2.

    история

    translation added by Mellowed in Sun
    0
  3. 3.

    фон ( задний план)

    translation added by Anna Ilicheva
    0

Collocations

against the background
на фоне
automatic background control
автоматическое подавление фона
background activity
фоновая активность
background brightness
яркость фона
background collimating mark
задняя координатная метка
background color
фоновый цвет
background color
цвет фона
background computing
решение задач с низким приоритетом
background computing
фоновые вычисления
background constraint
фундаментальное ограничение
background contamination
загрязнение исходного материала
background count
показатель фона
background data
основополагающая информация
background display pattern
фоновое изображение
background effect
фоновый эффект

Word forms

background

noun
SingularPlural
Common casebackgroundbackgrounds
Possessive casebackground'sbackgrounds'

background

verb
Basic forms
Pastbackgrounded
Imperativebackground
Present Participle (Participle I)backgrounding
Past Participle (Participle II)backgrounded
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I backgroundwe background
you backgroundyou background
he/she/it backgroundsthey background
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am backgroundingwe are backgrounding
you are backgroundingyou are backgrounding
he/she/it is backgroundingthey are backgrounding
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have backgroundedwe have backgrounded
you have backgroundedyou have backgrounded
he/she/it has backgroundedthey have backgrounded
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been backgroundingwe have been backgrounding
you have been backgroundingyou have been backgrounding
he/she/it has been backgroundingthey have been backgrounding
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I backgroundedwe backgrounded
you backgroundedyou backgrounded
he/she/it backgroundedthey backgrounded
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was backgroundingwe were backgrounding
you were backgroundingyou were backgrounding
he/she/it was backgroundingthey were backgrounding
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had backgroundedwe had backgrounded
you had backgroundedyou had backgrounded
he/she/it had backgroundedthey had backgrounded
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been backgroundingwe had been backgrounding
you had been backgroundingyou had been backgrounding
he/she/it had been backgroundingthey had been backgrounding
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will backgroundwe shall/will background
you will backgroundyou will background
he/she/it will backgroundthey will background
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be backgroundingwe shall/will be backgrounding
you will be backgroundingyou will be backgrounding
he/she/it will be backgroundingthey will be backgrounding
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have backgroundedwe shall/will have backgrounded
you will have backgroundedyou will have backgrounded
he/she/it will have backgroundedthey will have backgrounded
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been backgroundingwe shall/will have been backgrounding
you will have been backgroundingyou will have been backgrounding
he/she/it will have been backgroundingthey will have been backgrounding
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would backgroundwe should/would background
you would backgroundyou would background
he/she/it would backgroundthey would background
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be backgroundingwe should/would be backgrounding
you would be backgroundingyou would be backgrounding
he/she/it would be backgroundingthey would be backgrounding
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have backgroundedwe should/would have backgrounded
you would have backgroundedyou would have backgrounded
he/she/it would have backgroundedthey would have backgrounded
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been backgroundingwe should/would have been backgrounding
you would have been backgroundingyou would have been backgrounding
he/she/it would have been backgroundingthey would have been backgrounding
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am backgroundedwe are backgrounded
you are backgroundedyou are backgrounded
he/she/it is backgroundedthey are backgrounded
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being backgroundedwe are being backgrounded
you are being backgroundedyou are being backgrounded
he/she/it is being backgroundedthey are being backgrounded
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been backgroundedwe have been backgrounded
you have been backgroundedyou have been backgrounded
he/she/it has been backgroundedthey have been backgrounded
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was backgroundedwe were backgrounded
you were backgroundedyou were backgrounded
he/she/it was backgroundedthey were backgrounded
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being backgroundedwe were being backgrounded
you were being backgroundedyou were being backgrounded
he/she/it was being backgroundedthey were being backgrounded
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been backgroundedwe had been backgrounded
you had been backgroundedyou had been backgrounded
he/she/it had been backgroundedthey had been backgrounded
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be backgroundedwe shall/will be backgrounded
you will be backgroundedyou will be backgrounded
he/she/it will be backgroundedthey will be backgrounded
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been backgroundedwe shall/will have been backgrounded
you will have been backgroundedyou will have been backgrounded
he/she/it will have been backgroundedthey will have been backgrounded