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without examplesFound in 11 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

decay

[dɪ'keɪ] брит. / амер.

  1. гл.

    1. гнить, разлагаться (об органических веществах)

    2. разрушаться, ветшать (о физических предметах)

      1. угасать, расстраиваться, иссякать (о здоровье, силах)

      2. разрушать, надрывать

    3. приходить в упадок, разлагаться

    4. физ. распадаться

  2. сущ.

    1. гниение (органических веществ)

    2. обветшание, разрушение (физических предметов)

    3. угасание, ослабление, расстройство (сил, здоровья в результате болезни, старости)

    4. разложение, упадок; распад

    5. физ. распад

Learning (En-Ru)

decay

[dɪ'keɪ]

  1. n

    1. разложение; разрушение

    2. падение; упадок

  2. v

    1. разлагаться; разрушаться

    2. приходить в упадок

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Examples from texts

The Permanent Committee has determined that dried out or damp poppy straw is a narcotic means irrespective of whether the straw has been subjected to extraction or to decay or rot.
Постоянный комитет вынес решение, что высушенная или сырая маковая соломка является наркотическим средством вне зависимости от того, подвергалась ли она извлечению, гниению или разложению.
© 2001-2006 EurasiaHealth Knowledge Network and American International Health Alliance
Indeed, one gained a curious impression that this place had been deliberately closed and deserted in some dim, bygone aeon, rather than overwhelmed by any sudden calamity or even gradual decay.
Трудно было отделаться от впечатления, что город не бросили в спешке, застигнутые внезапной бедой, а покинули сознательно. И речи не могло идти постепенном вымирании.
Lovecraft, Howard / At the Mountains of MadnessЛавкрафт, Говард / Хребты безумия
Хребты безумия
Лавкрафт, Говард
© Е. Бернацкая, перевод, 2010
© ООО "Издательская группа "Азбука-Аттикус", 2010
At the Mountains of Madness
Lovecraft, Howard
© 1964 by August Derleth, renewed 1992
© 1936 Arkham House Publishers, Inc.
On the other hand, if the expansion time scale were somehow lengthened, the only effect would be that more neutrons would decay into protons before nucleosynthesis occurs, so that less helium would be produced.
Наоборот, если бы временная шкала расширения каким-то образом удлинилась, единственным эффектом был бы распад большого числа нейтронов и соответственно образование меньшего количества гелия.
Weinberg, Steven / Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications Of The General Theory Of RelativityВейнберг, Стивен / Гравитация и космология: принципы и приложения общей теории относительности
Гравитация и космология: принципы и приложения общей теории относительности
Вейнберг, Стивен
© Перевод на русский язык, «Мир», 1975
Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications Of The General Theory Of Relativity
Weinberg, Steven
© 1972, by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Actually, the process of decay of metastable nuclei has been highly idealized in this treatment, because many important factors have been neglected.
В действительности процесс распада метастабильного ядра сильно идеализирован при такой трактовке, так как в ней пренебрегают многими важными факторами.
Bohm, David / Quantum TheoryБом, Д. / Квантовая теория
Квантовая теория
Бом, Д.
Quantum Theory
Bohm, David
© renewed 1979 by David Bohm.
© 1951 by Prentice-Hall, Inc.
He believed that the seasonal changes in the dark areas were due to the growth and decay of vegetation.
Он предполагал, что сезонные изменения в темных областях вызваны ростом и увяданием растительности.
Sagan, Carl / Cosmos: The story of cosmic evolution, science and civilizationСаган, Карл / Космос: Эволюция Вселенной, жизни и цивилизации
Космос: Эволюция Вселенной, жизни и цивилизации
Саган, Карл
© 2002 by The Estate of Carl Sagan
© Издание на русском языке, перевод, оформление. ЗАО ТИД «Амфора», 2004
Cosmos: The story of cosmic evolution, science and civilization
Sagan, Carl
© 1980 by Carl Sagan Productions, Inc.
The time of signal decay, said signal being determined by the value xT, could be measured using expression 2, so as to obtain additional information about the sizes of microheterogeneity.
Измерение скорости спада , импульсного сигнала, определяемого величиной тт , позволяет получить дополнительную информацию о размерах микропеоднородности с помощью выражения.
Mouldering beams were lying at the foot of the wall, and a faint stench of decay hung in the air.
У подножия стены валялись прогнившие бревна, и в воздухе стоял сладкий запах разложения.
Gulik, Robert van / Poets and MurderГулик, Роберт ван / Поэты и убийцы
Поэты и убийцы
Гулик, Роберт ван
© Перевод, ЗАО "Издательство "Центрполиграф", 2002
© 1968 by Robert van Gulik
Poets and Murder
Gulik, Robert van
© 1968 by Robert van Gulik
By photographing the tracks of the particles involved in this decay, scientists can then confirm the presence of dark matter.
Фотографируя следы частиц, участвующих в этом распаде, ученые смогут подтвердить присутствие темного вещества.
Kaku, Michio / Parallel worlds : a journey through creation, higher dimensions, and the future of the cosmosКаку, Мичио / Параллельные миры: Об устройстве мироздания, высших измерениях и будущем Космоса
Параллельные миры: Об устройстве мироздания, высших измерениях и будущем Космоса
Каку, Мичио
© ООО Издательство «София», 2008
© 2005 by Michio Kaku
© «София», 2008
Parallel worlds : a journey through creation, higher dimensions, and the future of the cosmos
Kaku, Michio
© 2005 Michio Kaku
'Venice is dead, Venice is deserted,' her citizens will tell you, but perhaps this last charm - the charm of decay - was not vouchsafed her in the very heyday of the flower and majesty of her beauty.
"Венеция умирает, Венеция опустела", - говорят вам ее жители но, быть может, этой-то последней прелести, прелести увядания в самом расцвете и торжестве красоты, недоставало ей.
Turgenev, I.S. / On the eveТургенев, И.С. / Накануне
Накануне
Тургенев, И.С.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1976
On the eve
Turgenev, I.S.
© 1st World Library, 2008
'As far as I can gather,' he said, coughing above the spirit, 'you call it decay of the optic nerve, or something, and therefore hopeless.
— Насколько я могу понять, — сказал Дик, закашлявшись от крепкого напитка, — вы называете это поражением глазного нерва и чем-то в этом роде, и это непоправимо.
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard / The Light That FailedКиплинг, Джозеф Редьярд / Свет погас
Свет погас
Киплинг, Джозеф Редьярд
© "Издательство П. П. Сойкина", 1915
The Light That Failed
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard
© 2011 by Victorian Secrets
Even though the enormous Archipelago was already spreading across the land, the prisons for long-termers didn't fall into decay.
Хотя уже разбросался огромный Архипелаг - но никак не хирели и отсидочные тюрьмы.
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr / The Gulag ArchipelagoСолженицын, Александр / Архипелаг Гулаг
Архипелаг Гулаг
Солженицын, Александр
© Русский Общественный Фонд Александра Солженицына, 2009
The Gulag Archipelago
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr
© 1973 by Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn
© 1973, 1974 by Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc.
© 1985 by The Russian Social Fund
“‘Yes. You see, a body that is at risk for becoming undead, or is already undead, does not decay, or it decomposes more slowly.
— Да, видишь ли, тело, которому суждено превратиться в не-умершего или если оно уже превратилось, не гниет или разлагается медленнее.
Kostova, Elisabeth / The HistorianКостова, Элизабет / Историк
Историк
Костова, Элизабет
© Перевод. Г. Соловьева, 2005
© ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2005
© Elizabeth Kostova, 2005
The Historian
Kostova, Elisabeth
© 2005 by Elizabeth Kostova
Would I smell it everywhere, this effluvia of decay?
Неужели он повсюду — этот запах умирающих клеток?
Saintcrow, Lilith / Working for the DevilСэйнткроу, Лилит / Контракт с дьяволом
Контракт с дьяволом
Сэйнткроу, Лилит
© 2005 by Lilith Saintcrow
© Перевод, С. Теремязева, 2009
© Издание на руском языке, ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2009
Working for the Devil
Saintcrow, Lilith
© 2005 by Lilith Saintcrow
Created by disease, within putrefaction, into decay.
В недуге рождены, вскормлены тленом, подлежим распаду.
Faulkner, William / The Sound and the FuryФолкнер, Уильям / Шум и ярость
Шум и ярость
Фолкнер, Уильям
© О. Сорока (наследник), перевод, 1973
© "Азбука-классика", 2006
The Sound and the Fury
Faulkner, William
© 1984 by Jill Faulkner Summers
But the stench of death and decay lay over the land, a pall of oppressive misery and despair hung over all.
В воздухе висел запах смерти и разложения, все затянула пелена беды и отчаяния.
DeChancie, John / Bride of the CastleДе Ченси, Джон / Невеста замка
Невеста замка
Де Ченси, Джон
Bride of the Castle
DeChancie, John
© 1994 by John DeChancie

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decay1/42
dɪ'keɪVerbгнить; разлагаться

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Collocations

advertising decay
забывание рекламы
alpha decay
альфа-распад
atomic decay
атомный распад
beta decay
бета-распад
beta-plus decay
позитронный распад
bit decay
битовый распад
bit decay
распад битов
branch of decay
ветвь ядерного распада
capital decay
абсолютная некомпетентность
capital decay
полное разорение
capital decay
полный упадок
cavity of decay
кариозная полость
code decay
устаревание программы
contrast decay
ухудшение контраста
decay characteristic
характеристика послесвечения

Word forms

decay

noun
SingularPlural
Common casedecaydecays
Possessive casedecay'sdecays'

decay

verb
Basic forms
Pastdecayed
Imperativedecay
Present Participle (Participle I)decaying
Past Participle (Participle II)decayed
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I decaywe decay
you decayyou decay
he/she/it decaysthey decay
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am decayingwe are decaying
you are decayingyou are decaying
he/she/it is decayingthey are decaying
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have decayedwe have decayed
you have decayedyou have decayed
he/she/it has decayedthey have decayed
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been decayingwe have been decaying
you have been decayingyou have been decaying
he/she/it has been decayingthey have been decaying
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I decayedwe decayed
you decayedyou decayed
he/she/it decayedthey decayed
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was decayingwe were decaying
you were decayingyou were decaying
he/she/it was decayingthey were decaying
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had decayedwe had decayed
you had decayedyou had decayed
he/she/it had decayedthey had decayed
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been decayingwe had been decaying
you had been decayingyou had been decaying
he/she/it had been decayingthey had been decaying
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will decaywe shall/will decay
you will decayyou will decay
he/she/it will decaythey will decay
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be decayingwe shall/will be decaying
you will be decayingyou will be decaying
he/she/it will be decayingthey will be decaying
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have decayedwe shall/will have decayed
you will have decayedyou will have decayed
he/she/it will have decayedthey will have decayed
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been decayingwe shall/will have been decaying
you will have been decayingyou will have been decaying
he/she/it will have been decayingthey will have been decaying
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would decaywe should/would decay
you would decayyou would decay
he/she/it would decaythey would decay
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be decayingwe should/would be decaying
you would be decayingyou would be decaying
he/she/it would be decayingthey would be decaying
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have decayedwe should/would have decayed
you would have decayedyou would have decayed
he/she/it would have decayedthey would have decayed
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been decayingwe should/would have been decaying
you would have been decayingyou would have been decaying
he/she/it would have been decayingthey would have been decaying
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am decayedwe are decayed
you are decayedyou are decayed
he/she/it is decayedthey are decayed
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being decayedwe are being decayed
you are being decayedyou are being decayed
he/she/it is being decayedthey are being decayed
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been decayedwe have been decayed
you have been decayedyou have been decayed
he/she/it has been decayedthey have been decayed
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was decayedwe were decayed
you were decayedyou were decayed
he/she/it was decayedthey were decayed
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being decayedwe were being decayed
you were being decayedyou were being decayed
he/she/it was being decayedthey were being decayed
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been decayedwe had been decayed
you had been decayedyou had been decayed
he/she/it had been decayedthey had been decayed
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be decayedwe shall/will be decayed
you will be decayedyou will be decayed
he/she/it will be decayedthey will be decayed
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been decayedwe shall/will have been decayed
you will have been decayedyou will have been decayed
he/she/it will have been decayedthey will have been decayed