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without examplesFound in 6 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

harden

['hɑːd(ə)n] брит. / амер.

гл.

    1. становиться или делаться твёрдым; напрягаться (о мускулах); застывать, твердеть (в физическом смысле)

    2. делать твёрдым; напрягать (о мускулах)

  1. тех.

    1. закаляться (о стали); застывать (о цементе)

    2. закалять (сталь); цементировать

  2. (о человеке)

    1. твердеть, закаляться (духом и т. п.)

    2. черстветь, ожесточаться

    3. становиться безразличным; привыкать (к климату, тяжёлым условиям, труду)

  3. становиться жёстким (о воде)

  4. защищать (от взрыва, облучения, жара)

  5. эк. расти (о ценах)

Learning (En-Ru)

harden

['hãːdn]

v

  1. делать(ся) твёрдым

  2. закалять(ся), укрепляться

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Examples from texts

You want to walk this path, you have to harden yourself.
Если хочешь идти этой дорогой – научись держать себя в руках.
Liss, David / The Ethical AssassinЛисс, Дэвид / Этичный убийца
Этичный убийца
Лисс, Дэвид
© К. Тверьянович, перевод, 2008
© Издательский дом "Азбука-классика", 2008
© 2006 by David Liss
The Ethical Assassin
Liss, David
© 2006 by David Liss
Such efforts, based on ulterior motives and self-righteous attitudes, would only serve to harden positions and block improvement of human rights.
Такие попытки, основанные на скрытых мотивах и лицемерных подходах, служат лишь ужесточению позиций и препятствуют улучшению положения в области прав человека.
© Организация Объединенных Наций, 2010 год
© United Nations 2010
That would go away soon enough - no harden lasts forever,
Не очень долго - ничто не стоит вечно.
King, Stephen / Hearts in AtlantisКинг, Стивен / Сердца в Атлантиде
Сердца в Атлантиде
Кинг, Стивен
© Stephen King, 1999
© Перевод И.Гурова, 2000
© ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2001
Hearts in Atlantis
King, Stephen
© 1999 by Stephen King
Let thy heart harden in this mould—ay, stamp it with the fervid zeal of patriot faith, and thy reward shall find thee.
Да не поколеблется твоя вера, Хармиана, пусть в твоем сердце пылает всепобеждающая любовь к отечеству, и судьба вознаградит тебя.
Haggard, Henry Rider / CleopatraХаггард, Генри Райдер / Клеопатра
Клеопатра
Хаггард, Генри Райдер
© ООО "РИЦ Литература", состав, 2006
© ООО "Торговый дом "Издательство Мир книги", 2006
Cleopatra
Haggard, Henry Rider
© 2010 by Indo-European Publishing
– If I were in your place, I would not harden myself like that.
На вашем месте я бы уж так замыкаться в своем горе не стала.
Zola, Emile / Abbe Mouret's TransgressionЗоля, Эмиль / Проступок аббата Муре
Проступок аббата Муре
Золя, Эмиль
Abbe Mouret's Transgression
Zola, Emile
© BiblioBazaar, LLC
Or more likely, harden it, thought the aunt.
«Скорее, разозлят его», — подумала тетушка.
Proulx, Annie / The Shipping NewsПрул, Энни / Корабельные новости
Корабельные новости
Прул, Энни
© 1993 by Annie Proulx
© Издание на русском языке, перевод. ЗАО ТИД "Амфора", 2005
The Shipping News
Proulx, Annie
© 1993 by Annie Proulx
I like the dusk, especially in March, when the night frost begins to harden the day's puddles, and the gas is burning."
Я любил мартовские сумерки, когда начинало морозить, и когда зажигали газ; ходил иногда далеко.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / IdiotДостоевский, Фёдор / Идиот
Идиот
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1971
Idiot
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2004 by Fine Creative Media, Inc.
Never had sleep been more refreshing nor food tasted more savoury, and he began already to harden and his face wore a kinglier look.
Никогда сон так не освежал его, еда не была такой вкусной: тело его закалилось, а на лице появилось королевское выражение.
Lewis, Clive S. / Prince CaspianЛьюис, Клайв С. / Принц Каспиан
Принц Каспиан
Льюис, Клайв С.
© 1956 C. S. Lewis, "The Narnia Chronicles"
© Перевод Ольги Бухиной
Prince Caspian
Lewis, Clive S.
© 1956 C. S. Lewis, "The Narnia Chronicles"
Quasimodo tried for a week to get back into favour by sitting outside the door and cooing seductively through the crack, but each time I weakened I would catch a glimpse of his tail-feathers, a bright and horrible green, and harden my heart again.
Целую неделю Квазимодо пытался вернуть мое расположение. Он садился у двери и обворожительно ворковал сквозь щелку, однако всякий раз, как мое сердце начинало смягчаться, я смотрел на его омерзительный ярко‑зеленый хвост и снова ожесточался.
Durrell, Gerald / My family and other animalsДаррелл, Джеральд / Моя семья и другие звери
Моя семья и другие звери
Даррелл, Джеральд
© Издательство "Мир", 1971
My family and other animals
Durrell, Gerald
© Gerald M. Durrell, 1956
© renewed Gerald M. Durrell, 1984
It takes a long time to harden and block an artery!
Требуется немало времени, чтобы привести артерии в плохое состояние.
Bragg, Paul C.,Bragg, Patricia / The Miracle Of FastingБрэгг, Поль / Чудо голодания
Чудо голодания
Брэгг, Поль
© Издательство "Наука", 1990 г.
The Miracle Of Fasting
Bragg, Paul C.,Bragg, Patricia
© by Health Science
Since you have taken such a step, you must harden your heart.
Коли сделали такой шаг, так уж крепитесь.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / Crime and PunishmentДостоевский, Фёдор / Преступление и наказание
Преступление и наказание
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1970
Crime and Punishment
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2009 Rhodes Media
Yes, he had done them, secretly, filthily, time after time, and, hardened in sinful impenitence, he had dared to wear the mask of holiness before the tabernacle itself while his soul within was a living mass of corruption.
Да, он совершал их тайно, мерзко, неоднократно. И хуже всего, что в своей греховной ожесточенности он осмеливался носить маску святости перед алтарем, хотя душа его насквозь прогнила.
Joyce, James / A Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManДжойс, Джеймс / Портрет художника в юности
Портрет художника в юности
Джойс, Джеймс
© Перевод М. Богословской. Наследники, 2007
© Оформление, издание на русском языке. ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2007
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Joyce, James
© 2007 BiblioBazaar
I was promised now and pledged, and I hardened my heart against this impossible dawn.
Но я был связан теперь другими обязательствами и обещаниями и сдерживал себя, наблюдая за этим запоздалым пробуждением ее чувства.
Wells, Herbert George / Tono-BungayУэллс, Герберт / Тоно Бенге
Тоно Бенге
Уэллс, Герберт
© Издательство "Правда", 1964
Tono-Bungay
Wells, Herbert George
© the Literary Executors of the Estate of H. G. Wells
Besides, self-hardening adhesive attains required strength rather slowly. Therefore, the patient has to stay in the dental chair experiencing further inconvenience.
Кроме того, самотвердеющий адгезив достигает нужной прочности достаточно медленно, а пациент вынужден при этом оставаться в лечебном кресле, что создает дополнительное неудобство.
In the Straits of Magellan, mousse masses with sand, gravel and stones ('moussecrete') hardened into asphalt pavements, exceptionally up to 400 m wide.
В проливе Магеллана массы пены, перемешавшись с песком, гравием и камнями ("пенобетон"), затвердев, превратились в асфальтовые покрытия, в отдельных случаях до 400 метров шириной.
© Copyright 2012 IPIECA
© Copyright 2012 IPIECA

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harden1/20
'hɑːd(ə)nVerbстановиться или делаться твёрдым; напрягаться; застывать; твердетьExamples

The clay hardened in the fire. — Глина в огне затвердела.

User translations

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Collocations

cold-harden
наклепывать
face-harden
поверхностно упрочнять
hammer-harden
ковать вхолодную
hammer-harden
наклепывать
harden off
закаливать
harden smb.'s heart
ожесточать чье-л. сердце
pack-harden
цементировать
to harden oneself
закаляться
to harden
затвердевать
to harden
твердеть
harden steel
закалять сталь
work-harden steel
нагартовывать сталь
cold-harden
нагартовывать
flame harden
закаливать в пламени
water harden
закаливать с охлаждением в воде

Word forms

harden

verb
Basic forms
Pasthardened
Imperativeharden
Present Participle (Participle I)hardening
Past Participle (Participle II)hardened
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I hardenwe harden
you hardenyou harden
he/she/it hardensthey harden
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am hardeningwe are hardening
you are hardeningyou are hardening
he/she/it is hardeningthey are hardening
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have hardenedwe have hardened
you have hardenedyou have hardened
he/she/it has hardenedthey have hardened
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been hardeningwe have been hardening
you have been hardeningyou have been hardening
he/she/it has been hardeningthey have been hardening
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I hardenedwe hardened
you hardenedyou hardened
he/she/it hardenedthey hardened
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was hardeningwe were hardening
you were hardeningyou were hardening
he/she/it was hardeningthey were hardening
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had hardenedwe had hardened
you had hardenedyou had hardened
he/she/it had hardenedthey had hardened
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been hardeningwe had been hardening
you had been hardeningyou had been hardening
he/she/it had been hardeningthey had been hardening
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will hardenwe shall/will harden
you will hardenyou will harden
he/she/it will hardenthey will harden
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be hardeningwe shall/will be hardening
you will be hardeningyou will be hardening
he/she/it will be hardeningthey will be hardening
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have hardenedwe shall/will have hardened
you will have hardenedyou will have hardened
he/she/it will have hardenedthey will have hardened
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been hardeningwe shall/will have been hardening
you will have been hardeningyou will have been hardening
he/she/it will have been hardeningthey will have been hardening
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would hardenwe should/would harden
you would hardenyou would harden
he/she/it would hardenthey would harden
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be hardeningwe should/would be hardening
you would be hardeningyou would be hardening
he/she/it would be hardeningthey would be hardening
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have hardenedwe should/would have hardened
you would have hardenedyou would have hardened
he/she/it would have hardenedthey would have hardened
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been hardeningwe should/would have been hardening
you would have been hardeningyou would have been hardening
he/she/it would have been hardeningthey would have been hardening
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am hardenedwe are hardened
you are hardenedyou are hardened
he/she/it is hardenedthey are hardened
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being hardenedwe are being hardened
you are being hardenedyou are being hardened
he/she/it is being hardenedthey are being hardened
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been hardenedwe have been hardened
you have been hardenedyou have been hardened
he/she/it has been hardenedthey have been hardened
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was hardenedwe were hardened
you were hardenedyou were hardened
he/she/it was hardenedthey were hardened
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being hardenedwe were being hardened
you were being hardenedyou were being hardened
he/she/it was being hardenedthey were being hardened
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been hardenedwe had been hardened
you had been hardenedyou had been hardened
he/she/it had been hardenedthey had been hardened
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be hardenedwe shall/will be hardened
you will be hardenedyou will be hardened
he/she/it will be hardenedthey will be hardened
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been hardenedwe shall/will have been hardened
you will have been hardenedyou will have been hardened
he/she/it will have been hardenedthey will have been hardened