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without examplesFound in 5 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

impair

[ɪm'peə] брит. / амер.

гл.

  1. ослаблять, снижать, уменьшать

  2. ухудшать; повреждать, портить

Learning (En-Ru)

impair

[ɪm'peə]

v

повреждать, ухудшать

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Examples from texts

As I have already mentioned, comparisons with other countries are not much help—the variations in definitions of crime and reporting procedures, and the more general cross-cultural differences involved, greatly impair the comparability of such data.
Как я уже упоминал, сравнение с другими странами не принесет нам большой пользы: различия в квалификации преступлений, в системе сбора сведений и их регистрации, а также общие различия в культуре существенно затрудняют сопоставление подобных данных.
Schur, Edwin M. / Our Criminal Society: The Social and Legal Sources of Crime in AmericaШур, Эдвин M. / Наше преступное общество: Социальные и правовые источники преступности в Америке
Наше преступное общество: Социальные и правовые источники преступности в Америке
Шур, Эдвин M.
© Перевод с английского с изменениями, «Прогресс», 1977
Our Criminal Society: The Social and Legal Sources of Crime in America
Schur, Edwin M.
One reason he didn't drink was that he was afraid that alcohol would impair his efficiency as a soldier. Another reason he didn't drink was that he was afraid that he would forget himself and offer an enlisted man a drink.
Он не пил, во-первых, потому, что боялся из-за спиртного стать никудышным солдатом, а во-вторых, потому, что боялся забыться и угостить рядового спиртным.
Vonnegut, Kurt / The Sirens of TitanВоннегут, Курт / Сирены Титана
Сирены Титана
Воннегут, Курт
© Издательство "Университетское", 1988
The Sirens of Titan
Vonnegut, Kurt
© 1959 by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr
This means that the installation of the electrodes did not impair insulating properties of the insulator for the operational frequency voltage.
Это означает, что установка электродов не ухудшила изоляционные свойства изолятора при промышленной частоте.
The proportion of such relatively large particles was so low (-10%) that this did not impair the increase in average particle size.
Однако доля таких относительно крупных частиц была настолько мала (-10%), что это обстоятельство не сказывалось на увеличении среднего диаметра частиц.
With excess energy, irradiation defects accumulate in the formed carbon coating and impair properties of the diamond-like condensate.
В случае избытка энергии в формируемом углеродном 10 покрытии накапливаются радиационные дефекты, ухудшающие свойства алмазоподобного конденсата.
What are examples of elements that impair the propagation of wireless communications signals through the air medium?
Приведите примеры факторов, отрицательно влияющих на передачу коммуникационных сигналов через воздушную среду.
Geier, Jim / Wireless Networks first-stepГейер, Джим / Беспроводные сети. Первый шаг
Беспроводные сети. Первый шаг
Гейер, Джим
© Издательский дом "Вильямс", 2005
© Cisco Systems, Inc., 2005
Wireless Networks first-step
Geier, Jim
© 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc.
These phases are represented not by separate particles, but rather by extensive accumulations that impair shear deformation in shaping processes resulting in a significant reduction in alloy ductility.
Данные фазы представляют не отдельные частицы, а обширные скопления, затрудняющие сдвиговые деформации в процессе обработки давлением, что приводит к значительному снижению пластичности сплава.
However, this does not seem to impair efficacy (Walmsley 2003).
Однако его эффективность от этого, по всей видимости, не падает (Walmsley, 2003).
Hoffmann, Christian,Rockstroh, Jurgen,Kamps, Bernd / HIV Medicine 2006Хоффман, Кристиан,Рокстро, Юрген,Кампс, Бернд / Лечение ВИЧ-инфекции 2005
Лечение ВИЧ-инфекции 2005
Хоффман, Кристиан,Рокстро, Юрген,Кампс, Бернд
© 2003, 2004, 2005 Flying Publisher
HIV Medicine 2006
Hoffmann, Christian,Rockstroh, Jurgen,Kamps, Bernd
© 2006 by Flying Publisher
They will be fearful, and their fear will further impair their trading.
Они уподобятся пуганой вороне, и от страха будут играть еще хуже.
Elder, Alexander / Trading for a LivingЭлдер, Александр / Как играть и выигрывать на бирже
Как играть и выигрывать на бирже
Элдер, Александр
© 1996 by Alexander Elder
© Издательский дом «Диаграмма», 2001
Trading for a Living
Elder, Alexander
© 1993 by Dr. Alexander Elder
Does the man buy a glass of beer, the family must eat that much less; and in so far as it eats less, just that far will it impair its physical efficiency.
Если глава семьи выпьет кружку пива – это значит, что все члены семьи получат меньше еды; а чем меньше они будут есть, тем скорее станут «непригодными».
London, Jack / The People of the AbyssЛондон, Джек / Люди бездны
Люди бездны
Лондон, Джек
© Государственное издательство художественной литературы, 1954
The People of the Abyss
London, Jack
© BiblioBazaar, LLC
So far as this document was based on draft strategies, a significant share of uncertainty could impair quality of forecasts presented therein.
В связи с тем, что документ базировался на проектах стратегий, значительная доля неопределенности может снизить качество прогнозов представленных в нем.
However, such restrictions may not impair the rights granted to foreign investors with respect to their investments.
Однако, такие ограничения не могут наносить ущерб правам, предоставляемым иностранным инвесторам в отношении их инвестиций.
© 2010 OECD/IEA
© 2010 OECD/IEA
NRTI treatment may also impair some endocrine functions of adipocytes. For example, they may impair the secretion of adiponectin and through this mechanism may promote insulin resistance.
НИОТ могут также нарушать некоторые эндокринные функции липоци- тов. Например, они способны нарушать секрецию адипонектина и тем самым способствовать развитию инсулинорезистентности.
Hoffmann, Christian,Rockstroh, Jurgen,Kamps, Bernd / HIV Medicine 2006Хоффман, Кристиан,Рокстро, Юрген,Кампс, Бернд / Лечение ВИЧ-инфекции 2005
Лечение ВИЧ-инфекции 2005
Хоффман, Кристиан,Рокстро, Юрген,Кампс, Бернд
© 2003, 2004, 2005 Flying Publisher
HIV Medicine 2006
Hoffmann, Christian,Rockstroh, Jurgen,Kamps, Bernd
© 2006 by Flying Publisher
Neither past due nor impaired (at fair value)
Непросроченные и необесцененные (по справедливой стоимости)
© 2004-2011 Русславбанк
© 2004-2010 Russlavbank
To restrict these impairing effects, quite expensive devices to control rpms of a pump have to be used, which increases the accompanying capitalized expenses.
Для ограничения этого воздействия приходится использовать весьма дорогостоящие устройства регулирования увеличения числа оборотов насоса, что увеличивает капитальные затраты.

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impair1/9
ɪm'peəVerbослаблять; снижать; уменьшатьExamples

to impair one's chances of winning — уменьшать чьи-л. шансы выиграть
Lack of sleep had impaired her concentration. — Недосыпание ослабило ее сосредоточенность.

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Collocations

impair credit
уменьшать кредит
to impair
ухудшаться
impair the economy
ослаблять экономику
impair the field of fire
загораживать сектор обстрела
impair the field of fire
ограничивать обстрел
alcohol-impaired driver
водитель автомобиля, находящийся в состоянии опьянения
alcohol-impaired driving
управление автомобилем в состоянии опьянения
drug-impaired driver
водитель автомобиля, находящийся в состоянии наркотической интоксикации
drug-impaired driving
управление автомобилем в состоянии наркотической интоксикации
impaired capital
капитал
impaired capital
уменьшившийся из-за покрытия убытков
impaired credit
утраченное доверие
impaired development
аномалия развития
impaired development
порок развития
impaired immunocompetence
иммунодефицитное состояние

Word forms

impair

verb
Basic forms
Pastimpaired
Imperativeimpair
Present Participle (Participle I)impairing
Past Participle (Participle II)impaired
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I impairwe impair
you impairyou impair
he/she/it impairsthey impair
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am impairingwe are impairing
you are impairingyou are impairing
he/she/it is impairingthey are impairing
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have impairedwe have impaired
you have impairedyou have impaired
he/she/it has impairedthey have impaired
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been impairingwe have been impairing
you have been impairingyou have been impairing
he/she/it has been impairingthey have been impairing
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I impairedwe impaired
you impairedyou impaired
he/she/it impairedthey impaired
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was impairingwe were impairing
you were impairingyou were impairing
he/she/it was impairingthey were impairing
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had impairedwe had impaired
you had impairedyou had impaired
he/she/it had impairedthey had impaired
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been impairingwe had been impairing
you had been impairingyou had been impairing
he/she/it had been impairingthey had been impairing
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will impairwe shall/will impair
you will impairyou will impair
he/she/it will impairthey will impair
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be impairingwe shall/will be impairing
you will be impairingyou will be impairing
he/she/it will be impairingthey will be impairing
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have impairedwe shall/will have impaired
you will have impairedyou will have impaired
he/she/it will have impairedthey will have impaired
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been impairingwe shall/will have been impairing
you will have been impairingyou will have been impairing
he/she/it will have been impairingthey will have been impairing
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would impairwe should/would impair
you would impairyou would impair
he/she/it would impairthey would impair
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be impairingwe should/would be impairing
you would be impairingyou would be impairing
he/she/it would be impairingthey would be impairing
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have impairedwe should/would have impaired
you would have impairedyou would have impaired
he/she/it would have impairedthey would have impaired
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been impairingwe should/would have been impairing
you would have been impairingyou would have been impairing
he/she/it would have been impairingthey would have been impairing
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am impairedwe are impaired
you are impairedyou are impaired
he/she/it is impairedthey are impaired
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being impairedwe are being impaired
you are being impairedyou are being impaired
he/she/it is being impairedthey are being impaired
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been impairedwe have been impaired
you have been impairedyou have been impaired
he/she/it has been impairedthey have been impaired
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was impairedwe were impaired
you were impairedyou were impaired
he/she/it was impairedthey were impaired
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being impairedwe were being impaired
you were being impairedyou were being impaired
he/she/it was being impairedthey were being impaired
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been impairedwe had been impaired
you had been impairedyou had been impaired
he/she/it had been impairedthey had been impaired
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be impairedwe shall/will be impaired
you will be impairedyou will be impaired
he/she/it will be impairedthey will be impaired
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been impairedwe shall/will have been impaired
you will have been impairedyou will have been impaired
he/she/it will have been impairedthey will have been impaired