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without examplesFound in 12 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

proof

[pruːf] брит. / амер.

  1. сущ.

      1. подтверждение, доказательство

      2. юр. доказывание, доказательство (виновности)

      1. проверка, испытание; проба

      2. мат. проверка (правильности арифметических действий)

      1. установленный градус крепости спирта

      2. спирт установленной крепости

    1. пробирка

    2. фото первый, пробный отпечаток с плёнки

    3. полигр.

      1. (proofs) корректура; гранки

      2. пробный оттиск

    4. непроницаемость, защищённость (от чего-л.)

  2. прил.

      1. книжн. (proof against) непроницаемый; непробиваемый

      2. книжн. недоступный, не поддающийся (лести и т. п.)

      3. (-proof) как компонент сложных слов со значением: гарантированно защищающий или защищённый от воздействия чего-л.

    1. установленной крепости, определённой крепости (об алкогольных напитках)

  3. гл.

      1. делать непроницаемым

      2. тех. делать водонепроницаемым, придавать водонепроницаемость

      1. полигр. читать корректуру, гранки

      2. полигр. делать пробный оттиск

      3. фото делать пробный отпечаток

    1. проверять; испытывать

Learning (En-Ru)

proof

[pruːf]

  1. n

    1. доказательство

    2. проверка

    3. корректура

    4. крепость (алкогольного напитка)

  2. adj

    непроницаемый

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Examples from texts

The jewel-case is a conclusive proof that he did stand there....
Коробка же ясно доказывает, что он именно там стоял.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / Crime and PunishmentДостоевский, Фёдор / Преступление и наказание
Преступление и наказание
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1970
Crime and Punishment
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2009 Rhodes Media
A finitary proof has two features: it deals with concrete objects, and it does so in a constructive fashion.
Любое финитное доказательство имеет две характерные черты: оно имеет дело с конкретными объектами, и оно обращается с ними конструктивным способом.
Shoenfield, Joseph / Mathematical LogicШенфилд, Дж. / Математическая логика
Математическая логика
Шенфилд, Дж.
© Перевод на русский язык, Главная редакция физико-математической литературы издательства «Наука», 1975г.
Mathematical Logic
Shoenfield, Joseph
© 1967 by Addison-Wesley publishing company, inc.
It is worth considering a more clumsy proof of this fact, which provides an explicit algorithm for constructing the reciprocal lattice.
Полезно, однако, рассмотреть более громоздкое доказательство, дающее явный алгоритм построения обратной решетки.
Ашкрофт, Н.,Мермин, Д. / Физика твердого телаAshcroft, Neil,Mermin, David / Solid state physics
Solid state physics
Ashcroft, Neil,Mermin, David
© 1976 by Harcourt, lnc
Физика твердого тела
Ашкрофт, Н.,Мермин, Д.
The proof is like the corresponding proof in § 2, and will be omitted.
Доказательство похоже на соответствующее доказательство в § 2 и поэтому опускается.
Whitney, Hassler / Geometric Integration TheoryУитни, Хасслер / Геометрическая теория интегрирования
Геометрическая теория интегрирования
Уитни, Хасслер
Geometric Integration Theory
Whitney, Hassler
We now consider the proof of the Classification Theorem V.6.1.
Рассмотрим теперь доказательство классификационной теоремы V.6.I.
Bredon, Glen / Introduction to compact transformation groupsБредон, Г. / Введение в теорию компактных групп преобразований
Введение в теорию компактных групп преобразований
Бредон, Г.
© Перевод на русский язык. Издательство «Наука». Главная редакция физико-математической литературы. 1980
Introduction to compact transformation groups
Bredon, Glen
© 1972, by Academic Press, Inc.
We state them without proof, giving references.
Мы приведем их без доказательств, ограничившись ссылками.
Borevich, Z.I.,Shafarevich, I.R. / Number TheoryБоревич, З.И.,Шафаревич И. Р. / Теория чисел
Теория чисел
Боревич, З.И.,Шафаревич И. Р.
Number Theory
Borevich, Z.I.,Shafarevich, I.R.
© 1966, by Academic Press Inc.
"It is madness--it is merely another proof of her insanity!" said the prince, and his lips trembled.
- Это сумасшествие; доказательство ее безумия, - проговорил князь, и губы его задрожали.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / IdiotДостоевский, Фёдор / Идиот
Идиот
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1971
Idiot
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2004 by Fine Creative Media, Inc.
Brouwer argued that, even if Hilbert should succeed in giving a consistency proof for classical mathematics, that would not make classical mathematics correct.
Брауэр считал, что даже если бы Гильберт преуспел в получении доказательства непротиворечивости классической математики, это не сделало бы классическую математику корректной.
Kleene, Stephen Cole / Mathematical LogicКлини, С.К. / Математическая логика
Математическая логика
Клини, С.К.
© Перевод на русский язык «Мир», 1973
Mathematical Logic
Kleene, Stephen Cole
© 1967 by Stephen Cole Kleene
From F we infer that a is not a null system and this completes the proof.
Из равенств F вытекает; что о не является нуль-системой; этим наше предложение полностью доказано.
Baer, Reinhold / Linear Algebra and Projective GeometryБэр, Р. / Линейная алгебра и проективная геометрия
Линейная алгебра и проективная геометрия
Бэр, Р.
© Издательство иностранной литературы, 1955
Linear Algebra and Projective Geometry
Baer, Reinhold
© 1965, by Academic Press
My conscience was silent, it is silent now, but is that a proof of innocence?
Моя совесть молчала, она теперь молчит, но разве это доказательство невинности?
Turgenev, I.S. / On the eveТургенев, И.С. / Накануне
Накануне
Тургенев, И.С.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1976
On the eve
Turgenev, I.S.
© 1st World Library, 2008
Sir Oliver, unable longer to endure the present state of things, had ridden over to lay before Rosamund that proof with which he had taken care to furnish himself.
Не в силах далее выносить подобное положение вещей, сэр Оливер отправился к Розамунде с намерением предъявить ей доказательство своей невиновности, каковым он благоразумно обзавелся.
Sabatini, Rafael / The Sea-HawkСабатини, Рафаэль / Морской ястреб
Морской ястреб
Сабатини, Рафаэль
© Тихонов Н Н., наследники, 2008
© ООО "Издательский дом «Вече», 2008
The Sea-Hawk
Sabatini, Rafael
© 2007 BiblioBazaar
If the reader has any idea of this “organisation”, he needs no further proof of Tikhomirov’s Bakuninism.
Если читатель имеет понятие об этой «организации», то он не нуждается в дальнейших доказательствах тихомировского бакунизма.
Плеханов, Г. В. / Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. ЛавровуPlekhanov, G. V. / Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Plekhanov, G. V.
Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. Лаврову
Плеханов, Г. В.
© Государственное издательство политической литературы, 1949 г.
I have just seen with my own eyes the proof that my conjecture was correct!" -he added, with increasing eagerness.He meant to calm his hearers, and did not perceive that his words had only increased their irritation.
-"Я теперь собственными глазами убедился, что моя догадка была справедлива," - убеждал разгоряченный князь, желая утишить волнение и не замечая того, что только его увеличивал.
Достоевский, Фёдор / ИдиотDostoevsky, Fyodor / Idiot
Idiot
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2004 by Fine Creative Media, Inc.
Идиот
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1971
" This code is what is usually meant in the literature by the unqualified term "Gray code." We will show, usually without proof, how to do some basic operations in this representation of integers, and we will show a few surprising properties.
Именно этот код обычно имеется в виду, когда говорят о неконкретном "коде Грея". Покажем (как обычно, без доказательств), как выполняются основные операции при таком представлении целых чисел, и расскажем о некоторых интересных свойствах кода Грея.
Warren, Henry S. / Hacker's DelightУоррен, Генри / Алгоритмические трюки для программистов
Алгоритмические трюки для программистов
Уоррен, Генри
© Издательский дом "Вильямс", 2003
© Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 2002
Hacker's Delight
Warren, Henry S.
© 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.
We leave the proof of (2) to the reader.
Доказать (2) мы предоставляем читателю.
Mumford, David / Tata Lectures on ThetaМамфорд, Д. / Лекции о тэта-функциях
Лекции о тэта-функциях
Мамфорд, Д.
© Birkhäuser Boston, 1983, 1984
© перевод на русский язык, с добавлением, «Мир», 1988
Tata Lectures on Theta
Mumford, David
©2007 Birkhauser Boston

Add to my dictionary

proof1/67
pruːfNounподтверждение; доказательствоExamples

to furnish / give / offer / present / produce / provide proof — представить доказательство
These suspicions are confirmed by the most direct proof. — Эти подозрения подтверждаются самыми прямыми доказательствами.

User translations

The part of speech is not specified

  1. 1.

    обоснование

    translation added by pit1945@mail.ru
    0

Collocations

a priori proof
априорное доказательство
abrasion-proof
стойкий к истиранию или износу
abrasion-proof
трудношлифуемый
abridged proof
набросок доказательства
absolute proof
абсолютное доказательство
absolute proof
несомненное доказательство
abstract proof
абстрактное доказательство
acid proof
кислотоупорный
admission of proof
признание доказательства
affirmative proof
доказательства существования факта
affirmative proof of loss
доказательства причинения ущерба, основанные на установлении факта
afford proof
представить доказательства
air proof
воздухонепроницаемый
air proof
герметический
algebraic proof
алгебраическое доказательство

Word forms

proof

noun
SingularPlural
Common caseproofproofs
Possessive caseproof'sproofs'

proof

verb
Basic forms
Pastproofed
Imperativeproof
Present Participle (Participle I)proofing
Past Participle (Participle II)proofed
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I proofwe proof
you proofyou proof
he/she/it proofsthey proof
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am proofingwe are proofing
you are proofingyou are proofing
he/she/it is proofingthey are proofing
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have proofedwe have proofed
you have proofedyou have proofed
he/she/it has proofedthey have proofed
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been proofingwe have been proofing
you have been proofingyou have been proofing
he/she/it has been proofingthey have been proofing
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I proofedwe proofed
you proofedyou proofed
he/she/it proofedthey proofed
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was proofingwe were proofing
you were proofingyou were proofing
he/she/it was proofingthey were proofing
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had proofedwe had proofed
you had proofedyou had proofed
he/she/it had proofedthey had proofed
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been proofingwe had been proofing
you had been proofingyou had been proofing
he/she/it had been proofingthey had been proofing
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will proofwe shall/will proof
you will proofyou will proof
he/she/it will proofthey will proof
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be proofingwe shall/will be proofing
you will be proofingyou will be proofing
he/she/it will be proofingthey will be proofing
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have proofedwe shall/will have proofed
you will have proofedyou will have proofed
he/she/it will have proofedthey will have proofed
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been proofingwe shall/will have been proofing
you will have been proofingyou will have been proofing
he/she/it will have been proofingthey will have been proofing
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would proofwe should/would proof
you would proofyou would proof
he/she/it would proofthey would proof
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be proofingwe should/would be proofing
you would be proofingyou would be proofing
he/she/it would be proofingthey would be proofing
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have proofedwe should/would have proofed
you would have proofedyou would have proofed
he/she/it would have proofedthey would have proofed
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been proofingwe should/would have been proofing
you would have been proofingyou would have been proofing
he/she/it would have been proofingthey would have been proofing
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am proofedwe are proofed
you are proofedyou are proofed
he/she/it is proofedthey are proofed
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being proofedwe are being proofed
you are being proofedyou are being proofed
he/she/it is being proofedthey are being proofed
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been proofedwe have been proofed
you have been proofedyou have been proofed
he/she/it has been proofedthey have been proofed
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was proofedwe were proofed
you were proofedyou were proofed
he/she/it was proofedthey were proofed
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being proofedwe were being proofed
you were being proofedyou were being proofed
he/she/it was being proofedthey were being proofed
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been proofedwe had been proofed
you had been proofedyou had been proofed
he/she/it had been proofedthey had been proofed
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be proofedwe shall/will be proofed
you will be proofedyou will be proofed
he/she/it will be proofedthey will be proofed
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been proofedwe shall/will have been proofed
you will have been proofedyou will have been proofed
he/she/it will have been proofedthey will have been proofed