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without examplesFound in 7 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


[pruːn] брит. / амер.

  1. сущ.

    1. чернослив

    2. разг. неприятный, глупый человек, простофиля

    3. красновато-лиловый цвет

  2. гл.

    1. обрезать; подрезать (деревья)

      1. сокращать

      2. удалять (излишества), упрощать

Learning (En-Ru)


  1. [pruːn]



  2. v

    1. подрезать, обрезать

    2. сокращать

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Examples from texts

Her face screwed up, a plum long ago turned to a prune.
Ее лицо скривилось. Когда-то гладкое, как слива, теперь оно превратилось в мятый сухой чернослив.
Goodkind, Terry / The pillars of creationГудкайнд, Терри / Седьмое правило Волшебника: Столпы творения
Седьмое правило Волшебника: Столпы творения
Гудкайнд, Терри
© Теrry Goodkind, 2001
© Перевод Н.Романецкий, 2003
© ООО "Издательство ACT", 2003
The pillars of creation
Goodkind, Terry
© 2001 by Теrry Goodkind
pineapple or prune juice.
240 г ананасного или сливового сока
D'Adamo, Peter,Whitney, Catherine / Eat Right 4 Your TypeД'Адамо, Питер,Уитни, Кэтрин / 4 группы крови - 4 пути к здоровью
4 группы крови - 4 пути к здоровью
Д'Адамо, Питер,Уитни, Кэтрин
© Перевод. Издание на русском языке. Оформление. ООО «Попурри», 2000
© 1996 by Peter D'Adamo
Eat Right 4 Your Type
D'Adamo, Peter,Whitney, Catherine
© 1998 by Hoop-A-Joop, LLC
"Prune brandy," he said.
— Сливовый коньяк, — сказал он.
Vonnegut, Kurt / The Sirens of TitanВоннегут, Курт / Сирены Титана
Сирены Титана
Воннегут, Курт
© Издательство "Университетское", 1988
The Sirens of Titan
Vonnegut, Kurt
© 1959 by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr
There were always cripples and old people riding the No .38 Strassenbahn out to Grinzinger Allee, and the heady flowers planted along the pruned paths of the courtyard in the Rudolfinerhaus reminded Garp only of funeral parlors.
И в 38-м трамвае, который шел на Гринцингер-аллее, всегда было полно стариков и инвалидов; и цветы с пышными головками, посаженные вдоль ухоженных тропинок «Рудольфинерхауса», напоминали Гарпу только о похоронном убранстве.
Irving, John / The world According to GarpИрвинг, Джон / Мир глазами Гарпа
Мир глазами Гарпа
Ирвинг, Джон
© 1976, 1977, 1978 by John Irving
© И. Тогоева, перевод на русский язык, 2009
© ООО Издательская группа "Аттикус", 2009
The world According to Garp
Irving, John
© 1976, 1977, 1978 by John Irving
A hawthorn hedge, a real wall of greenery with here and there a gap, separated it from everything else. There was quite a forest of fruit trees, which no pruning knife had touched for a century past.
Живая изгородь из боярышника – целая стена зелени с редкими просветами – отделяла в этом месте часть сада, настоящий лес плодовых деревьев, к которому нож садовника не прикасался уже целое столетие.
Zola, Emile / Abbe Mouret's TransgressionЗоля, Эмиль / Проступок аббата Муре
Проступок аббата Муре
Золя, Эмиль
Abbe Mouret's Transgression
Zola, Emile
© BiblioBazaar, LLC
He had also a pocket pruning-knife, but he could not rely on the knife and still less on his own strength, and so resolved finally on the axe.
У него был еще складной садовый ножик; но на нож, и особенно на свои силы, он не надеялся, а потому и остановился на топоре окончательно.
Достоевский, Фёдор / Преступление и наказаниеDostoevsky, Fyodor / Crime and Punishment
Crime and Punishment
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2009 Rhodes Media
Преступление и наказание
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1970
Without, were heard the sounds that told of the happy waking of the countryside, the blades of grass sighed out content, the damp leaves dried themselves in the warmth, the birds pruned their feathers and took a first flit round.
Снаружи доносился веселый шум просыпающихся полей: привольно вздыхали травы, обогревались на солнышке листья, приглаживали свои перышки и вспархивали птицы.
Zola, Emile / Abbe Mouret's TransgressionЗоля, Эмиль / Проступок аббата Муре
Проступок аббата Муре
Золя, Эмиль
Abbe Mouret's Transgression
Zola, Emile
© BiblioBazaar, LLC
These actions are value enhancing only if the resources that are pruned do not contribute sufficiently either to current operating income or to future growth.
Эти действия увеличивают ценность, только если сокращаемые ресурсы не вносят значительного вклада ни в текущий операционный доход, ни в будущий рост.
Damodaran, Aswath / Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the Value of Any AssetДамодаран, Асват / Инвестиционная оценка. Инструменты и техника оценки любых активов
Инвестиционная оценка. Инструменты и техника оценки любых активов
Дамодаран, Асват
© Альпина Бизнес Букс, 2004, перевод, оформление
© 2002 by Aswath Damodaran
Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the Value of Any Asset
Damodaran, Aswath
© 2002 by Aswath Damodaran
They sprayed the trees and sold no crop, they pruned and grafted and could not pick the crop.
Они опрыскивали сад, а урожая не продали. Они прививали и подрезали деревья, а собрать урожая не смогли.
Steinbeck, John / The Grapes of WrathСтейнбек, Джон / Гроздья гнева
Гроздья гнева
Стейнбек, Джон
© Издательство "Правда", 1989
The Grapes of Wrath
Steinbeck, John
© John Steinbeck, 1939
© renewed John Steinbeck, 1967
The only rational question is whether pruning is best done before or after birth.
Говорить можно лишь о том, когда исполнять это дело — перед рождением или после него.
Heinlein, Robert / Time Enough For LoveХайнлайн, Роберт / Достаточно времени для любви, или жизни Лазаруса Лонга
Достаточно времени для любви, или жизни Лазаруса Лонга
Хайнлайн, Роберт
© 1973 by Robert A. Heinlein
© Перевод. Ю. Соколов, 2008
Time Enough For Love
Heinlein, Robert
© 1973 by Robert Heinlein
After the tart, Mariette serves them prunes and the woman is busy, gracefully laying stones in her spoon.
После торта Мариэтта подала им чернослив, и теперь женщина кокетливо сплевывает косточки в чайную ложку – словно кладет яйца.
Sartre, Jean-Paul / NauseaСартр, Жан-Поль / Тошнота
Сартр, Жан-Поль
© Editions Gallimard, 1938, 1939
© Издательство "Фолио", издание на русском языке, марка серии, 2000
© Перевод на русский язык, Ю.Я.Яхнина, 1994
Sartre, Jean-Paul
© 1938 by Editions Gallimard, Paris
© 1964 by New Directions Publishing Corporation
By definition he can't have any ideas—his superiors gave him orders and there he is working for his stewed prunes.
У него по определению не может быть идейных соображений начальство приказало, вот он и работает на компот.
Strugatsky, Arkady,Strugatsky, Boris / The Ugly SwansСтругацкий, Аркадий,Стругацкий, Борис / Гадкие лебеди
Гадкие лебеди
Стругацкий, Аркадий,Стругацкий, Борис
The Ugly Swans
Strugatsky, Arkady,Strugatsky, Boris
© 1979 by Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.
The decline phase of a business is characterized in the life-cycle model as one of shrinking margins, pruning product lines, falling R&D and advertising, and a dwindling number of competitors.
В модели жизненного цикла фаза упадка бизнеса характеризуется снижением доходов, сужением производственного профиля, убыванием численности конкурентов, сокращением расходов на исследования и разработки, в также рекламу.
Porter, Michael E. / Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analysing Industries and CompetitorsПортер, Майкл Е. / Конкурентная стратегия: Методика анализа отраслей и конкурентов
Конкурентная стратегия: Методика анализа отраслей и конкурентов
Портер, Майкл Е.
© The Free Press, 1998
© Альпина Бизнес Букс, перевод, оформление, 2005.
Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analysing Industries and Competitors
Porter, Michael E.
© The Free Press, 1998
That person had said that if the anecdotes, etc., were carefully pruned down about one half, in order to eliminate the sectional and class prejudice with which the book was dyed from end to end, he might consider its publication.
Издатель заявил, что если "Анекдоты и пр." тщательно сократить, почти на половину исключить партийные и классовые предрассудки, которыми окрашена книга от начала до конца, то он согласился бы издать ее.
O.Henry / The Duplicity of HargravesГенри, О. / Коварство Харгрэвса
Коварство Харгрэвса
Генри, О.
The Duplicity of Hargraves
The pruning agent runs at the domain controller every 8 hours.
Агент удаления запускается на контроллере домена каждые 8 часов.
Boswell, William / Inside Windows Server 2003Бозуэлл, Уилльям / Внутренный мир Windows Server 2003, SP1 и R2
Внутренный мир Windows Server 2003, SP1 и R2
Бозуэлл, Уилльям
© Издательский дом "Вильямс", 2006
© Pearson Education, Inc., 2003
Inside Windows Server 2003
Boswell, William
© 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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User translations

The part of speech is not specified

  1. 1.


    translation added by Талгат Мырзаханов
    Gold ru-en
  2. 2.


    translation added by Arleyn


graft-prune technique
метод сращивания - отсечения
prune belly
отвислый живот
prune operation
операция отсечения
prune the budget
урезать бюджет
prune-belly syndrome
синдром "подрезанного живота"
prune-belly syndrome
синдром недостаточности мышц живота
prune-juice expectoration
ржавая мокрота
prune-juice sputum
ржавая мокрота
prune away cost
наводить экономию
prune away cost
снижать расходы
prune the budget
prune juice sputum
ржавая мокрота
dried prune
prune brandy
сливовое бренди
pitted dried prune
чернослив без косточек

Word forms


Basic forms
Present Participle (Participle I)pruning
Past Participle (Participle II)pruned
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I prunewe prune
you pruneyou prune
he/she/it prunesthey prune
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am pruningwe are pruning
you are pruningyou are pruning
he/she/it is pruningthey are pruning
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have prunedwe have pruned
you have prunedyou have pruned
he/she/it has prunedthey have pruned
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been pruningwe have been pruning
you have been pruningyou have been pruning
he/she/it has been pruningthey have been pruning
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I prunedwe pruned
you prunedyou pruned
he/she/it prunedthey pruned
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was pruningwe were pruning
you were pruningyou were pruning
he/she/it was pruningthey were pruning
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had prunedwe had pruned
you had prunedyou had pruned
he/she/it had prunedthey had pruned
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been pruningwe had been pruning
you had been pruningyou had been pruning
he/she/it had been pruningthey had been pruning
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will prunewe shall/will prune
you will pruneyou will prune
he/she/it will prunethey will prune
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be pruningwe shall/will be pruning
you will be pruningyou will be pruning
he/she/it will be pruningthey will be pruning
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have prunedwe shall/will have pruned
you will have prunedyou will have pruned
he/she/it will have prunedthey will have pruned
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been pruningwe shall/will have been pruning
you will have been pruningyou will have been pruning
he/she/it will have been pruningthey will have been pruning
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would prunewe should/would prune
you would pruneyou would prune
he/she/it would prunethey would prune
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be pruningwe should/would be pruning
you would be pruningyou would be pruning
he/she/it would be pruningthey would be pruning
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have prunedwe should/would have pruned
you would have prunedyou would have pruned
he/she/it would have prunedthey would have pruned
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been pruningwe should/would have been pruning
you would have been pruningyou would have been pruning
he/she/it would have been pruningthey would have been pruning
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am prunedwe are pruned
you are prunedyou are pruned
he/she/it is prunedthey are pruned
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being prunedwe are being pruned
you are being prunedyou are being pruned
he/she/it is being prunedthey are being pruned
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been prunedwe have been pruned
you have been prunedyou have been pruned
he/she/it has been prunedthey have been pruned
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was prunedwe were pruned
you were prunedyou were pruned
he/she/it was prunedthey were pruned
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being prunedwe were being pruned
you were being prunedyou were being pruned
he/she/it was being prunedthey were being pruned
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been prunedwe had been pruned
you had been prunedyou had been pruned
he/she/it had been prunedthey had been pruned
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be prunedwe shall/will be pruned
you will be prunedyou will be pruned
he/she/it will be prunedthey will be pruned
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been prunedwe shall/will have been pruned
you will have been prunedyou will have been pruned
he/she/it will have been prunedthey will have been pruned


Common casepruneprunes
Possessive caseprune'sprunes'