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without examplesFound in 9 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

scratch

[skræʧ] брит. / амер.

  1. гл.

      1. царапать, скрести, оцарапать, расцарапать

      2. царапаться, скрестись

      1. чесать, расчёсывать

      2. чесаться

    1. рыть когтями; рыться (в земле)

    2. чиркать

    3. скрипеть (о пере)

      1. нацарапать

      2. набросать, небрежно написать (письмо, рисунок)

    4. = scratch off / out / through

      1. вычёркивать (из списка участников, кандидатов)

      2. отказываться (от чего-л.); бросать (что-л.)

    5. = scratch out выскребать, выкапывать

    6. крим. быть фальшивомонетчиком; изготавливать фальшивые документы

  2. сущ.

      1. царапина

      2. чёрточка, черта

      3. метка; насечка

    1. почёсывание, расчёсывание, зуд

    2. царапанье, скрип

    3. каракуля, закорючка

    4. спорт. линия старта

      1. спорт.; = scratch man участник состязания, не получающий преимущества

      2. лошадь, снятая со скачек

      1. (scratches) вет. мокрец (вид воспаления волосистой области ступни у лошадей)

      2. = scratch wig

    5. амер.; разг. деньги (обычно бумажные)

  3. прил.

    1. черновой, написанный наспех

    2. разг. случайно собранный вместе, сборный, перемешанный; разношёрстный

    3. случайный, неумышленный, нечаянный

Learning (En-Ru)

scratch

[skrætʃ]

  1. n

    царапина

  2. v

    1. царапать(ся); скрести(сь)

    2. чесать

    3. нацарапать (письмо, рисунок)

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Examples from texts

"And now, Mr. Wilson, off you go at scratch and tell us all about yourself, your household, and the effect which this advertisement had upon your fortunes.
Ну, мистер Уилсон, продолжайте вашу повесть и расскажите нам о себе, о своем доме и о том, какую роль сыграло это объявление в вашей жизни.
Conan Doyle, Arthur / The Red-Headed LeagueКонан Дойль, Артур / Союз рыжих
Союз рыжих
Конан Дойль, Артур
© Издательство "Укитувчи", 1974
The Red-Headed League
Conan Doyle, Arthur
© by Harper & Brothers in 1892, 1893, 1894, 1904
© by Sir A. Conan Doyle in 1920 and 1922
© 1906, 1917, 1927, 1930 by Doubleday & Company, Inc.
© 1893, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1913, 1914, 1920, 1922 by Arthur Conan Doyle
© 1892, 1894, 1904 by Harper & Brothers
© 1903, 1904, 1924 by Collier's Weekly
© 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924 by International Magazine Company, Inc.
© 1920, 1927 by Liberty Weekly, Inc.
"It's only a scratch, man."
– Слушай, старик, это ж просто царапина.
Wilson, Paul Francis / ConspiraciesВилсон, Пол Фрэнсис / Бездна
Бездна
Вилсон, Пол Фрэнсис
Conspiracies
Wilson, Paul Francis
© 2000 by F. Paul Wilson
It was a great period in my career because I enjoyed starting a business from scratch and introducing Russia to yogurt products that they had not known about before.
Это было замечательное время, потому что мне очень нравилось создавать производство «с нуля» и знакомить российских потребителей с товарами, которых они раньше не знали.
© The Well, 2009
If you haven't, or if you're starting from scratch, you'll need to make a reasonable guess.
Когда это сделать трудно или работа начата с нуля, то следует сделать разумное предположение.
Musumeci, Gian-Paolo D.,Loukides, Mike / System Performance TuningМусумеси, Джан-Паоло Д.,Лукидес, Майк / Настройка производительности UNIX-систем
Настройка производительности UNIX-систем
Мусумеси, Джан-Паоло Д.,Лукидес, Майк
© Издательство Символ-Плюс, 2003
© 2002 O'Reilly & Associates Inc.
System Performance Tuning
Musumeci, Gian-Paolo D.,Loukides, Mike
© 2002,1990 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.
He considered awhile, with the caution of one who endeavours to lay hold on a small dangerous animal in such a manner that it shall not be able either to scratch or bite him, as I myself have sometimes done with a weasel in England.
С минуту он наблюдал меня с тем опасливым видом, какой бывает у нас, когда мы хотим ухватить какого-нибудь зверька так, чтобы он не оцарапал или не укусил нас; я сам хватал иногда таким образом хорьков в Англии.
Swift, Jonathan / Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the worldСвифт, Джонатан / Путешествия Гулливера
Путешествия Гулливера
Свифт, Джонатан
© Издательство "Правда", 1987
Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
Swift, Jonathan
One little scratch, after all, is all a screwfly needs to lay its eggs inside you.
В конце концов, одна крошечная царапина — это все, в чем нуждается мясная муха, чтобы отложить яйца.
Westerfeld, Scott / PeepsВестерфельд, Скотт / Армия ночи
Армия ночи
Вестерфельд, Скотт
© Перевод. Б.Жужунава, 2009
© Издание на русском языке. ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2009
© 2005 by Scott Westerfield
Peeps
Westerfeld, Scott
© 2005 Scott Westerfield
He shows his childish gaiety and lively character at night also when he gets up to say his prayers -- that is, to beat himself on the chest with his fists, and to scratch with his fingers at the door.
Детскую веселость и живой характер проявляет он и ночью, когда встает за тем, чтобы помолиться богу, то есть постучать себя кулаками по груди и поковырять пальцем в дверях.
Чехов, А.П. / Палата No. 6Chekhov, A. / Ward No. 6
Ward No. 6
Chekhov, A.
© 2009 Rowland Classics
Палата No. 6
Чехов, А.П.
© Издательство "Наука", 1974
Time out to scratch.
- Почесаться надо.
Heinlein, Robert / The Rolling StonesХайнлайн, Роберт / Космическое семейство Стоун
Космическое семейство Стоун
Хайнлайн, Роберт
© 1952 by Robert A. Heinlein
© TERRA FANTASTICA, 2007
© Перевод. Н. Виленская, 2003
The Rolling Stones
Heinlein, Robert
© 1952 by Robert A. Heinlein
In theory, a relational database could be coded from scratch, but in reality you'll normally use the services of a database management system (DBMS).
На практике при разработке реляционных баз данных используют средства систем управления базами данных (СУБД).
Riordan, Rebecca / Designing Relational Database SystemsРайордан, Ребекка / Основы реляционных баз данных
Основы реляционных баз данных
Райордан, Ребекка
© Оригинальное издание на английском языке, Ребекка Райордан, 1999
© Перевод на русский язык, Microsoft Corporation, 2001
© Подготовка к изданию, издательско-торговый дом «Русская Редакция», 2001
Designing Relational Database Systems
Riordan, Rebecca
© 1999 by Rebecca Riordan
I did not sneak on him, of course, and I made them all keep quiet, so it shouldn't come to the ears of the masters. I didn't even tell my mother till it had healed up. And the wound was a mere scratch.
Я, разумеется, не фискалил и приказал всем молчать, чтобы не дошло до начальства, даже матери сказал, только когда всё зажило, да и ранка была пустая, царапина.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / The brothers KaramazovДостоевский, Фёдор / Братья Карамазовы
Братья Карамазовы
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1988
The brothers Karamazov
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
After that some kind of a scratch meal.
После иду перекусить.., что-нибудь незатейливое.
Christie, Agatha / 4.50 From PaddingtonКристи, Агата / В 16.50 от Паддингтона
В 16.50 от Паддингтона
Кристи, Агата
© "Ростовское книжное издательство", 1989
4.50 From Paddington
Christie, Agatha
© 1957 by Agatha Christie Limited
"If you did" said Maxton grimly, "I think I'd get up a scratch crew from my staff and go myself.
– Если бы вы это сделали,- мрачно изрек Макстон, – я бы, пожалуй, набрал команду из своих подчиненных и полетел сам.
Clarke, Arthur Charles / Prelude to SpaceКларк, Артур Чарльз / Прелюдия к космосу
Прелюдия к космосу
Кларк, Артур Чарльз
Prelude to Space
Clarke, Arthur Charles
It was all she could do to hold in; and her eyes snapped, and her fingers worked like she wanted to scratch him; and she says: "Who's 'everybody'?
Тетя Салли едва-едва сдерживалась: глаза у нее так и сверкали, и пальцы шевелились: того и гляди, вцепится в Тома. — Кто это «все»?
Twain, Mark / Huckleberry FinnТвен, Марк / Приключения Гекльберри Финна
Приключения Гекльберри Финна
Твен, Марк
© «Государственное издательство художественной литературы», 1960
Huckleberry Finn
Twain, Mark
© 2004 BookSurge LLC
But for some reason, users find it comforting to open My Network Places and scratch around looking for resources.
Но по какой-то причине пользователи предпочитают открыть окно My Network Places (Мое сетевое окружение) и перебирать контейнеры в поисках необходимых ресурсов.
Boswell, William / Inside Windows Server 2003Бозуэлл, Уилльям / Внутренный мир Windows Server 2003, SP1 и R2
Внутренный мир Windows Server 2003, SP1 и R2
Бозуэлл, Уилльям
© Издательский дом "Вильямс", 2006
© Pearson Education, Inc., 2003
Inside Windows Server 2003
Boswell, William
© 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.
I take good care of them, so even now they don't have a single scratch.
Очень их берегу, на них до сих пор ни царапинки.
Murakami, Haruki / South of the border, West of the SunМураками, Харуки / К югу от границы, на запад от солнца
К югу от границы, на запад от солнца
Мураками, Харуки
© Haruki Murakami, 1992
© Иван и Сергей Логочевы. Перевод, 2004
© ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2004
South of the border, West of the Sun
Murakami, Haruki
© 1998 by Haruki Murakami
© 1992 by Haruki Murakami

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scratch1/58
skræʧVerbцарапать; скрести; оцарапать; расцарапатьExamples

to scratch the surface of smth. — оцарапать поверхность чего-л.

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Collocations

begin from scratch
начинать с нуля
begin from scratch
начинать сначала
black scratch
черная царапина
cat-scratch disease
болезнь от кошачьих царапин
cat-scratch disease
доброкачественный вирусный лимфаденит
cat-scratch disease
лихорадка от кошачьих царапин
come to the scratch
быть в полной готовности
come to the scratch
подойти к стартовой черте
come to the scratch
решиться
come up to the scratch
быть в полной готовности
come up to the scratch
подойти к стартовой черте
come up to the scratch
решиться
designing from scratch
проектирование с нуля
from scratch
а не из полуфабрикатов
from scratch
без преимущества

Word forms

scratch

noun
SingularPlural
Common casescratchscratches
Possessive casescratch'sscratches'

scratch

verb
Basic forms
Pastscratched
Imperativescratch
Present Participle (Participle I)scratching
Past Participle (Participle II)scratched
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I scratchwe scratch
you scratchyou scratch
he/she/it scratchesthey scratch
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am scratchingwe are scratching
you are scratchingyou are scratching
he/she/it is scratchingthey are scratching
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have scratchedwe have scratched
you have scratchedyou have scratched
he/she/it has scratchedthey have scratched
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been scratchingwe have been scratching
you have been scratchingyou have been scratching
he/she/it has been scratchingthey have been scratching
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I scratchedwe scratched
you scratchedyou scratched
he/she/it scratchedthey scratched
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was scratchingwe were scratching
you were scratchingyou were scratching
he/she/it was scratchingthey were scratching
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had scratchedwe had scratched
you had scratchedyou had scratched
he/she/it had scratchedthey had scratched
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been scratchingwe had been scratching
you had been scratchingyou had been scratching
he/she/it had been scratchingthey had been scratching
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will scratchwe shall/will scratch
you will scratchyou will scratch
he/she/it will scratchthey will scratch
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be scratchingwe shall/will be scratching
you will be scratchingyou will be scratching
he/she/it will be scratchingthey will be scratching
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have scratchedwe shall/will have scratched
you will have scratchedyou will have scratched
he/she/it will have scratchedthey will have scratched
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been scratchingwe shall/will have been scratching
you will have been scratchingyou will have been scratching
he/she/it will have been scratchingthey will have been scratching
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would scratchwe should/would scratch
you would scratchyou would scratch
he/she/it would scratchthey would scratch
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be scratchingwe should/would be scratching
you would be scratchingyou would be scratching
he/she/it would be scratchingthey would be scratching
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have scratchedwe should/would have scratched
you would have scratchedyou would have scratched
he/she/it would have scratchedthey would have scratched
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been scratchingwe should/would have been scratching
you would have been scratchingyou would have been scratching
he/she/it would have been scratchingthey would have been scratching
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am scratchedwe are scratched
you are scratchedyou are scratched
he/she/it is scratchedthey are scratched
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being scratchedwe are being scratched
you are being scratchedyou are being scratched
he/she/it is being scratchedthey are being scratched
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been scratchedwe have been scratched
you have been scratchedyou have been scratched
he/she/it has been scratchedthey have been scratched
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was scratchedwe were scratched
you were scratchedyou were scratched
he/she/it was scratchedthey were scratched
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being scratchedwe were being scratched
you were being scratchedyou were being scratched
he/she/it was being scratchedthey were being scratched
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been scratchedwe had been scratched
you had been scratchedyou had been scratched
he/she/it had been scratchedthey had been scratched
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be scratchedwe shall/will be scratched
you will be scratchedyou will be scratched
he/she/it will be scratchedthey will be scratched
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been scratchedwe shall/will have been scratched
you will have been scratchedyou will have been scratched
he/she/it will have been scratchedthey will have been scratched