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without examplesFound in 4 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

shirk

[ʃɜːk] брит. / амер.

  1. гл.

    1. красться, подкрадываться

      1. увиливать, уклоняться; избегать

      2. (shirk (up)on to) = shirk off перекладывать (работу, обязанности) на кого-л.

  2. = shirker

Learning (En-Ru)

shirk

[ʃæːk]

v

увиливать, уклоняться (от работы, обязанностей)

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Examples from texts

“Every one feels himself to be an honest man and will not shirk his part in the common cause”—the lame man tried to wriggle out of it—“ but . . .”
- Всякий чувствует себя честным человеком и не уклонится от общего дела, - закривился хромой, - но...
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / The possessedДостоевский, Фёдор / Бесы
Бесы
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1989
The possessed
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
“My love, it’s not you who would shirk a little trouble.”
— Любовь моя, не может быть, чтобы ты страшилась заботы и отказала в помощи больному человеку.
Maugham, Somerset / The Moon and SixpenceМоэм, Сомерсет / Луна и грош
Луна и грош
Моэм, Сомерсет
© Издательство «Правда», 1982
The Moon and Sixpence
Maugham, Somerset
© 2007 BiblioBazaar
The employers initially trusted the employees to work hard without specific incentives, and quickly learned that, without such incentives, many employees would shirk.
Работодатели в начале поручали служащим упорно работать без определенных стимулов и быстро узнали, что без таких стимулов, многие служащие уклоняются от работы.
© Project Syndicate 1995 – 2011
© Project Syndicate 1995 – 2011
Yet he did not shirk it.
Однако об этом приходилось думать.
Brackett, Leigh / Reavers of SkaithБрэкетт, Ли / Грабители Скэйта
Грабители Скэйта
Брэкетт, Ли
Reavers of Skaith
Brackett, Leigh
© 1976 by Leigh Brackett
In self-analysis it may even be that there is less temptation to tackle a factor prematurely, because the person will intuitively shirk a problem that he is not yet able to face.
В самоанализе, пожалуй, меньше искушений преждевременно браться за разрешение той или иной проблемы, потому что человек будет интуитивно уходить от проблемы, трезво воспринимать которую он еще неспособен.
Horney, Karen / Self-AnalysisХорни, Карен / Самоанализ
Самоанализ
Хорни, Карен
© Боковиков A.M., Старовойтов В.В., перевод, 2001
© ЗАО «Издательство «ЭКСМО-Пресс», 2001
Self-Analysis
Horney, Karen
© 1942 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
© 1970 by Marianne von Eckardt, Renate Mintz, and Brigitte Swarzenski
'That horse has learnt to shirk his work entirely, and yet he was a willing beast once.
Совсем отлукавилась лошадь, а ведь какой прежде согласный был живот…
Turgenev, I.S. / A Sportsman's Sketches v.1Тургенев, И.С. / Записки охотника т.1
Записки охотника т.1
Тургенев, И.С.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1975
A Sportsman's Sketches v.1
Turgenev, I.S.
© 2006 BiblioBazaar
Then, again, though you don't know it yourself, you shirk hard work.
Затем, хотя ты сама того не сознаешь, ты боишься или, вернее, избегаешь тяжелой работы.
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard / The Light That FailedКиплинг, Джозеф Редьярд / Свет погас
Свет погас
Киплинг, Джозеф Редьярд
© "Издательство П. П. Сойкина", 1915
The Light That Failed
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard
© 2011 by Victorian Secrets
But next morning I perceived clearly enough that my curiosity regarding the Palace of Green Porcelain was a piece of self-deception, to enable me to shirk, by another day, an experience I dreaded.
На следующее утро я ясно понял, что мое любопытство к Зеленому Фарфоровому Дворцу было вроде самообмана, изобретенного мною для того, чтобы еще на день отложить страшившее меня исследование Подземного Мира.
Wells, Herbert George / Time MachineУэллс, Герберт / Машина Времени
Машина Времени
Уэллс, Герберт
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1972
Time Machine
Wells, Herbert George
© Evans Brothers Limited 2002
This compensation scheme gives them an incentive to shirk, which Chapter 2, “The Advantages of Franchising,” explained is one of the reasons to franchise in the first place.
Подобная схема начисления заработной платы, упомянутая в главе 2 «Преимущества франчайзинга» как один из самых привлекательных факторов для франчайзи, отрицательно сказывается на эффективности труда наемного персонала.
Shane, Scott A. / From Ice Cream to the Internet: Using Franchising to Drive the Growth and Profits of Your CompanyШейн, Скотт А. / От мороженого к Интернету. Франчайзинг как инструмент развития и повышения прибыльности вашей компании
От мороженого к Интернету. Франчайзинг как инструмент развития и повышения прибыльности вашей компании
Шейн, Скотт А.
© Баланс Бизнес Букс, 2006
© перевод О. Теплых
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
From Ice Cream to the Internet: Using Franchising to Drive the Growth and Profits of Your Company
Shane, Scott A.
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
To shirk it was impossible, to draw things out was stupid, and so Erast Petrovich heaved a sigh and crossed that fatal boundary line marking the final countdown to his new career.
Уклониться было невозможно, медлить глупо, и Эраст Петрович, вздохнув, пересек роковую черту, с которой начинался отсчет новой службы.
Akunin, Boris / The State CounsellorАкунин, Борис / Статский советник
Статский советник
Акунин, Борис
© B. Akunin, автор, 1999
© И. Захаров, издатель, 1999
The State Counsellor
Akunin, Boris
The master's eye is everywhere; there is no shirking by his foremen or workmen, no divided responsibility, no sending half-understood messages backwards and forwards from one department to another.
Хозяйский глаз видит все, здесь нет места уклонению мастеров и рабочих от исполнения своих обязанностей, разделению ответственности, обмену между цехами невразумительными сведениями и требованиями.
Marshall, Alfred / Principles of EconomicsМаршалл, Альфред / Принципы экономической науки
Принципы экономической науки
Маршалл, Альфред
© "Прогресс", 1993
Principles of Economics
Marshall, Alfred
© 2006 Cosimo, Inc.
When now she looked at him openly and directly, he realised that he had all this time shirked having things out with her, or writing her two or three friendly lines, as though he had been hiding from her; he felt ashamed and flushed crimson.
Когда она теперь взглянула на него открыто и прямо, он вспомнил, что до сих пор еще не собрался объясниться с ней или написать по-дружески хотя две-три строчки, точно прятался от нее; ему стало стыдно, и он покраснел.
Чехов, А.П. / Три годаChekhov, A. / Three years
Three years
Chekhov, A.
© 2006 BiblioBazaar
Три года
Чехов, А.П.
© Издательство "Наука", 1974
Except what duty was Roland shirking?
Только какими обязанностями Роланд манкировал?
King, Stephen / Wizard and GlassКинг, Стивен / Колдун и Кристалл
Колдун и Кристалл
Кинг, Стивен
© Stephen King, 1997
© Перевод, В.А. Вебер, 1998
© ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2003
Wizard and Glass
King, Stephen
© Stephen King, 1997, 2003
The fact that shirking occurs from a lack of compensation for performance makes franchising an excellent tool for minimizing the problem.
Поскольку подобное явление непосредственно связано с отсутствием вознаграждения за эффективность, франчайзинг сводит эту проблему к минимуму.
Shane, Scott A. / From Ice Cream to the Internet: Using Franchising to Drive the Growth and Profits of Your CompanyШейн, Скотт А. / От мороженого к Интернету. Франчайзинг как инструмент развития и повышения прибыльности вашей компании
От мороженого к Интернету. Франчайзинг как инструмент развития и повышения прибыльности вашей компании
Шейн, Скотт А.
© Баланс Бизнес Букс, 2006
© перевод О. Теплых
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
From Ice Cream to the Internet: Using Franchising to Drive the Growth and Profits of Your Company
Shane, Scott A.
© 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Some sins can't be shirked.
Некоторые грехи так и остаются висеть на человеке.
King, Stephen / Wizard and GlassКинг, Стивен / Колдун и Кристалл
Колдун и Кристалл
Кинг, Стивен
© Stephen King, 1997
© Перевод, В.А. Вебер, 1998
© ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2003
Wizard and Glass
King, Stephen
© Stephen King, 1997, 2003

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shirk1/7
ʃɜːkVerbкрасться; подкрадываться

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Collocations

shirk responsibilities
увиливать от ответственности
shirk work
уклоняться от работы
shirk work
прогуливать
to shirk
прогуливать
shirk work
сачковать
to shirk one's duty
увиливать от выполнения долга
to shirk one's duty
увиливать от исполнения долга
to shirk responsibility
увиливать от ответственности
to shirk one's work
увиливать от работы
to shirk work
уклоняться от работы
shirk one's work
филонить

Word forms

shirk

noun
SingularPlural
Common caseshirkshirks
Possessive caseshirk'sshirks'

shirk

verb
Basic forms
Pastshirked
Imperativeshirk
Present Participle (Participle I)shirking
Past Participle (Participle II)shirked
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I shirkwe shirk
you shirkyou shirk
he/she/it shirksthey shirk
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am shirkingwe are shirking
you are shirkingyou are shirking
he/she/it is shirkingthey are shirking
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have shirkedwe have shirked
you have shirkedyou have shirked
he/she/it has shirkedthey have shirked
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been shirkingwe have been shirking
you have been shirkingyou have been shirking
he/she/it has been shirkingthey have been shirking
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I shirkedwe shirked
you shirkedyou shirked
he/she/it shirkedthey shirked
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was shirkingwe were shirking
you were shirkingyou were shirking
he/she/it was shirkingthey were shirking
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had shirkedwe had shirked
you had shirkedyou had shirked
he/she/it had shirkedthey had shirked
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been shirkingwe had been shirking
you had been shirkingyou had been shirking
he/she/it had been shirkingthey had been shirking
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will shirkwe shall/will shirk
you will shirkyou will shirk
he/she/it will shirkthey will shirk
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be shirkingwe shall/will be shirking
you will be shirkingyou will be shirking
he/she/it will be shirkingthey will be shirking
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have shirkedwe shall/will have shirked
you will have shirkedyou will have shirked
he/she/it will have shirkedthey will have shirked
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been shirkingwe shall/will have been shirking
you will have been shirkingyou will have been shirking
he/she/it will have been shirkingthey will have been shirking
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would shirkwe should/would shirk
you would shirkyou would shirk
he/she/it would shirkthey would shirk
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be shirkingwe should/would be shirking
you would be shirkingyou would be shirking
he/she/it would be shirkingthey would be shirking
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have shirkedwe should/would have shirked
you would have shirkedyou would have shirked
he/she/it would have shirkedthey would have shirked
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been shirkingwe should/would have been shirking
you would have been shirkingyou would have been shirking
he/she/it would have been shirkingthey would have been shirking
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am shirkedwe are shirked
you are shirkedyou are shirked
he/she/it is shirkedthey are shirked
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being shirkedwe are being shirked
you are being shirkedyou are being shirked
he/she/it is being shirkedthey are being shirked
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been shirkedwe have been shirked
you have been shirkedyou have been shirked
he/she/it has been shirkedthey have been shirked
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was shirkedwe were shirked
you were shirkedyou were shirked
he/she/it was shirkedthey were shirked
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being shirkedwe were being shirked
you were being shirkedyou were being shirked
he/she/it was being shirkedthey were being shirked
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been shirkedwe had been shirked
you had been shirkedyou had been shirked
he/she/it had been shirkedthey had been shirked
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be shirkedwe shall/will be shirked
you will be shirkedyou will be shirked
he/she/it will be shirkedthey will be shirked
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been shirkedwe shall/will have been shirked
you will have been shirkedyou will have been shirked
he/she/it will have been shirkedthey will have been shirked