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without examplesFound in 6 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

sponge

[spʌnʤ] брит. / амер.

  1. сущ.

      1. зоол. губка

      2. губка (для мытья; синтетическая или натуральная)

    1. что-л., напоминающие губку

      1. кул. пористое тесто; пенящийся взбитый белок

      2. губчатое вещество

      3. бот. губчатый нарост, галл (особенно на розовых кустах)

      4. заболоченный участок местности

    2. обтирание губкой

    3. = sponger 1)

    4. "губка" (человек, легко ухватывающий суть информации, быстро усваивающий знания)

    5. кул.

      1. вид густого желе (подаётся в качестве десерта)

      2. бисквит; бисквитный торт

    6. разг. пьяница

    7. объект вымогательства, источник обогащения

    8. мед. тампон (из марли и ваты)

  2. гл.

    1. = sponge down мыть (губкой)

    2. = sponge away; = sponge out; = sponge off стирать, счищать (грязь, краску с чего-л.; при помощи губки, влажной тряпочки)

    3. = sponge up собирать губкой, промакивать, осушать

    4. собирать губки

    5. поглощать, как губка

    6. разг.

      1. (sponge from) выманивать; приобретать за чужой счёт; получать на дармовщинку

      2. (sponge on) жить за чужой счёт, паразитировать, быть нахлебником

    7. ист. протирать дуло пушки (после выстрела)

Learning (En-Ru)

sponge

[spʌndʒ]

  1. n

    1. губка

    2. бисквит

  2. v

    1. мыть, чистить, вытирать губкой

    2. разг. паразитировать, пользоваться чем-л. чужим

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Examples from texts

Thither the guests had been conducted by the physician in charge's understudy and sponge-holder - a man with feet and a blue sweater.
Туда же были отведены и гости под надзором помощника врача, и ассистента тож,-- длинноногого человека в синем свитере.
O.Henry / Let Me Feel your PulseГенри, О. / Дайте пощупать ваш пульс!
Дайте пощупать ваш пульс!
Генри, О.
Let Me Feel your Pulse
O.Henry
When he was ready to go, she wiped the slobber of the dog off his parka with a sponge. "Aren't you even going to look at it?" she asked him.
Когда он собрался уходить, она мокрой губкой стерла собачью слюну с его куртки и спросила: — Вы что же, и посмотреть не хотите?
Irving, John / The world According to GarpИрвинг, Джон / Мир глазами Гарпа
Мир глазами Гарпа
Ирвинг, Джон
© 1976, 1977, 1978 by John Irving
© И. Тогоева, перевод на русский язык, 2009
© ООО Издательская группа "Аттикус", 2009
The world According to Garp
Irving, John
© 1976, 1977, 1978 by John Irving
‘I’m all right,’ he said, the old longing pricking at the eyeballs, and looking up towards the cross on the altar he thought savagely: Take your sponge of gall. You made me what I am.
– Нет, ничего, – сказал он Луизе, и глаза у него защипало, как встарь; глядя прямо на крест на алтаре, он с ненавистью подумал: «Ты меня сделал таким, какой я есть.
Greene, Henry Graham / The Heart of the MatterГрин, Генри Грэм / Суть дела
Суть дела
Грин, Генри Грэм
© Greene Graham, 1938, 1940, 1945
© ООО Издательство "АСТ МОСКВА", 2009
The Heart of the Matter
Greene, Henry Graham
© 1948 by Graham Greene
© Graham Greene, 1971
La Gorda laughed when she told me how she had walked around with a sponge stuffed in her mouth for years until her habit of eating excessively had been broken.
— Тебе нужно было только уничтожить свою привычку? — спросил я.
Castaneda, Carlos / The second ring of powerКастанеда, Карлос / Второе кольцо силы
Второе кольцо силы
Кастанеда, Карлос
© 1977 by Carlos Castaneda
© "София", 2008
© ООО Издательство "София", 2008
The second ring of power
Castaneda, Carlos
© 1977 by Carlos Castaneda
'Dick never has anything that I can wear. He's only useful to sponge upon.'
— К сожалению, у Дика никогда нет ничего такого, что бы я мог надеть; у него можно только кое-что стибрить.
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard / The Light That FailedКиплинг, Джозеф Редьярд / Свет погас
Свет погас
Киплинг, Джозеф Редьярд
© "Издательство П. П. Сойкина", 1915
The Light That Failed
Kipling, Joseph Rudyard
© 2011 by Victorian Secrets
Nathaniel enjoyed the luxury of a sponge bath with ample hot water in the fire-warmed room.
Натаниэль получал огромное удовольствие от того, что умывался горячей водой в теплой комнате.
Feather, Jane / VelvetФэйзер, Джейн / Бархат
Бархат
Фэйзер, Джейн
Velvet
Feather, Jane
© 1994 by Jane Feather
Think who it is you've been so shameless as to sponge on!"
Вспомни, у кого ты брать не стыдишься?
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / A Raw YouthДостоевский, Фёдор / Подросток
Подросток
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Советская Россия", 1979
A Raw Youth
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
The sponge is called "light" when the bases' sides are as large as possible.
Чем больше длина стороны основания, тем «легче» получаемая губка.
Mandelbrot, Benoit / The Fractal Geometry of NatureМандельброт, Бенуа / Фрактальная геометрия природы
Фрактальная геометрия природы
Мандельброт, Бенуа
© Б. Мандельброт, 2002
© Перевод на русский язык, Институт компьютерных исследований, 2002
The Fractal Geometry of Nature
Mandelbrot, Benoit
© 1977, 1982, 1983 by Benoit B. Mandelbrot
He saw them in the movie Witness being very quaint, Kelly McGillis wiping her bare tits with a sponge and everybody chipping in to build that barn, but it didn't fool him.
Видел он один фильм про них, «Свидетель» называется, — там они показаны мудрым, своеобычным народом; Келли Макгиллис обмывает губкой свои голые груди, и все сообща, дружно строят амбар, но его такими штучками не проймешь.
Updike, John / Rabbit At RestАпдайк, Джон / Кролик успокоился
Кролик успокоился
Апдайк, Джон
© Перевод. Н. Роговская, 2009
© ООО Издательство "АСТ МОСКВА", 2009
© John Updike, 1990
Rabbit At Rest
Updike, John
© 1990 by John Updike
The subterfuge worked not only with her customers, who stopped giving her food, but with her as well, as she had the feeling of eating as she chewed on the sponge.
Ла Горда смеялась, когда рассказывала мне, как она ходила везде с губкой, засунутой в рот, в течение нескольких лет, пока ее привычка чрезмерного едения не разрушилась.
Castaneda, Carlos / The second ring of powerКастанеда, Карлос / Второе кольцо силы
Второе кольцо силы
Кастанеда, Карлос
© 1977 by Carlos Castaneda
© "София", 2008
© ООО Издательство "София", 2008
The second ring of power
Castaneda, Carlos
© 1977 by Carlos Castaneda
Hestas, his reason gone, cried out in fear as the executioner approached him, but when the sponge touched his lips he gave a roar and sank his teeth into it.
Гестас, лишенный рассудка, испуганно вскрикнул, лишь только палач оказался около него, но, когда губка коснулась его губ, прорычал что-то и вцепился в нее зубами.
Bulgakov, Michail / The Master and MargaritaБулгаков, Михаил / Мастер и Маргарита
Мастер и Маргарита
Булгаков, Михаил
© "Мурманское книжное издательство", 1990
The Master and Margarita
Bulgakov, Michail
© Translated from the russian by Michael Glenny
© 1967 Collins and Harvill Press, London
© 1967 in the English translation
Matt smeared antibiotic cream on the wound, then covered it with a Teflon-coated gauze sponge, wrapping it in place.
Мэтт обработал рану дезинфицирующей мазью, наложил марлевый тампон и обмотал голову Крейга бинтом.
Rollins, James / Ice HuntРоллинс, Джеймс / Айсберг
Айсберг
Роллинс, Джеймс
© 2003 by Jim Czajkowski
© В. Шуверов, перевод, 2009
© ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", издание на русском языке, 2009
Ice Hunt
Rollins, James
© 2003 by Jim Czajkowski
She made Detritus look like a sponge.
По сравнению с ней даже Детрит выглядел сущей губкой.
Pratchett, Terry / Fifth ElephantПратчетт,Терри / Пятый элефант
Пятый элефант
Пратчетт,Терри
© Перевод Н. Берденников, А. Жикаренцев, 2007
© Издание на русском языке, оформление ООО «Издательство «Эксмо», 2007
© Terry and Lyn Pratchett, 1999
Fifth Elephant
Pratchett, Terry
© 2000 by Terry and Lyn Pratchett
As she attacked the dish with a soapy sponge, I said, "So Mr. Romanovich has baked quite a lot of sheet cakes for the lunch dessert."
— Мистер Романович испек много пирогов на ленч, — сказал я, когда она атаковала тарелку намыленной губкой.
Koontz, Dean Ray / Brother OddКунц, Дин / Брат Томас
Брат Томас
Кунц, Дин
© Перевод. В. А. Вебер, 2007
© Издание на русском языке. ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2007
© 2006 by Dean Koontz
Brother Odd
Koontz, Dean Ray
© 2006 by Dean Koontz
Instead, Photoshop gives you a more powerful tool: the desaturating sponge.
Вместо этого Photoshop даёт вам более мощный инструмент: обесцвечивающую губку.
Story, Derrick / Digital Photography Hacks™Стори, Деррик / Цифровая фотография. Трюки. 100 советов и рекомендаций профессионала
Цифровая фотография. Трюки. 100 советов и рекомендаций профессионала
Стори, Деррик
© 2004 O'Reilly Media, Inc.
© Перевод на русский язык, ЗАО Издательский дом «Питер»
© Издание на русском языке, ЗАО Издательский дом «Питер», 2005
Digital Photography Hacks™
Story, Derrick
© 2004 O'Reilly Media, Inc.

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sponge1/32
spʌnʤNounгубка

User translations

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Collocations

absorbable gelatin sponge
гемостатическая губка
anodic sponge
анодная губка
Bernay's sponge
прессованная стерильная вата
cathodic sponge
катодная губка
cleaning sponge
губка для очистки
cleaning sponge
уборочная губка
copper sponge
губчатая медь
exodontia sponge
тампон, применяемый при удалении зуба
foam sponge indentation tester
прибор для испытания пеноматериала на сжимаемость
gauze sponge
марлевый шарик
gauze sponge
тампон
iron-sponge mercury-cathode gap
железогубчатый разрядник со ртутным катодом
iron-sponge spark gap
железогубчатый разрядник
iron-sponge spark gap
разрядник с железной губкой
medullary sponge kidney
губчатая почка

Word forms

sponge

verb
Basic forms
Pastsponged
Imperativesponge
Present Participle (Participle I)sponging
Past Participle (Participle II)sponged
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I spongewe sponge
you spongeyou sponge
he/she/it spongesthey sponge
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am spongingwe are sponging
you are spongingyou are sponging
he/she/it is spongingthey are sponging
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have spongedwe have sponged
you have spongedyou have sponged
he/she/it has spongedthey have sponged
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been spongingwe have been sponging
you have been spongingyou have been sponging
he/she/it has been spongingthey have been sponging
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I spongedwe sponged
you spongedyou sponged
he/she/it spongedthey sponged
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was spongingwe were sponging
you were spongingyou were sponging
he/she/it was spongingthey were sponging
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had spongedwe had sponged
you had spongedyou had sponged
he/she/it had spongedthey had sponged
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been spongingwe had been sponging
you had been spongingyou had been sponging
he/she/it had been spongingthey had been sponging
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will spongewe shall/will sponge
you will spongeyou will sponge
he/she/it will spongethey will sponge
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be spongingwe shall/will be sponging
you will be spongingyou will be sponging
he/she/it will be spongingthey will be sponging
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have spongedwe shall/will have sponged
you will have spongedyou will have sponged
he/she/it will have spongedthey will have sponged
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been spongingwe shall/will have been sponging
you will have been spongingyou will have been sponging
he/she/it will have been spongingthey will have been sponging
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would spongewe should/would sponge
you would spongeyou would sponge
he/she/it would spongethey would sponge
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be spongingwe should/would be sponging
you would be spongingyou would be sponging
he/she/it would be spongingthey would be sponging
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have spongedwe should/would have sponged
you would have spongedyou would have sponged
he/she/it would have spongedthey would have sponged
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been spongingwe should/would have been sponging
you would have been spongingyou would have been sponging
he/she/it would have been spongingthey would have been sponging
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am spongedwe are sponged
you are spongedyou are sponged
he/she/it is spongedthey are sponged
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being spongedwe are being sponged
you are being spongedyou are being sponged
he/she/it is being spongedthey are being sponged
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been spongedwe have been sponged
you have been spongedyou have been sponged
he/she/it has been spongedthey have been sponged
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was spongedwe were sponged
you were spongedyou were sponged
he/she/it was spongedthey were sponged
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being spongedwe were being sponged
you were being spongedyou were being sponged
he/she/it was being spongedthey were being sponged
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been spongedwe had been sponged
you had been spongedyou had been sponged
he/she/it had been spongedthey had been sponged
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be spongedwe shall/will be sponged
you will be spongedyou will be sponged
he/she/it will be spongedthey will be sponged
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been spongedwe shall/will have been sponged
you will have been spongedyou will have been sponged
he/she/it will have been spongedthey will have been sponged

sponge

noun
SingularPlural
Common casespongesponges
Possessive casesponge'ssponges'