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without examplesFound in 11 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

strain

[streɪn] брит. / амер.

    1. сущ.

      1. натяжение; растяжение

      2. напряжение; нагрузка; переутомление

      3. тех. деформация

    2. гл.

        1. натягивать; растягивать

        2. тянуться; натягиваться, растягиваться

        1. напрягать

        2. напрягаться; переутомляться

        3. (strain after) стремиться к (чему-л.)

      1. книжн. обнимать, сжимать; прижимать

      2. превышать; злоупотреблять; искажать

        1. процеживать; фильтровать

        2. процеживаться; фильтроваться; просачиваться

      3. тех. вызывать остаточную деформацию

      4. (strain at) проявлять чрезмерную щепетильность

  1. сущ.

      1. происхождение; род; порода

      2. наследственная черта

    1. черта; элемент; оттенок

    2. тон (речи)

    3. муз.; обычно strains напев, мелодия

    4. поэт. поэзия, стихи

    5. биол. штамм

Learning (En-Ru)

strain

    1. [streɪn]

      n

      1. напряжение, натяжение

      2. напряжение

      3. напряжённость

      4. растяжение

    2. v

      1. растягивать

      2. процеживать

      3. напрягать(ся)

  1. n

    1. вид, порода

    2. черта, наклонность

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Examples from texts

For a few minutes the struggle was intensely critical; for while they still slacked out the tightened line in one direction, and still plied their oars in another, the contending strain threatened to take them under.
Несколько мгновений судьба их висела на волоске, они еще послабляли натянувшийся линь, одновременно изо всех сил работая веслами, и обе эти соперничающие силы, казалось, вот-вот утянут их под воду.
Melville, Herman / Moby Dick Or The WhaleМелвилл, Герман / Моби Дик, или Белый Кит
Моби Дик, или Белый Кит
Мелвилл, Герман
© Издательство «Художественная литература», 1981
Moby Dick Or The Whale
Melville, Herman
© Northwestern University Press and The Newberry Library, 1988
At last, however, he began brooding over the past, and the strain of it was too much for him.
Но всё же стал наконец задумываться с мучением, не в подъем своим силам.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / The brothers KaramazovДостоевский, Фёдор / Братья Карамазовы
Братья Карамазовы
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1988
The brothers Karamazov
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
“She talks to you?” He kept his voice even, but I could hear the strain now.
– Она с тобой разговаривает? – голос Джареда напрягся.
Meyer, Stephenie / The HostМайер, Стефани / Гостья
Гостья
Майер, Стефани
© Н. Балашова, 2010
© Издание на русском языке AST Publishers
© Stephenie Meyer, 2008
The Host
Meyer, Stephenie
© 2008 by Stephenie Meyer
The animals were infected with the pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, strain L-2, which causes urogenital chlamydiosis in humans.
Для инфицирования животных использовали возбудитель инфекции Сhlаmуdiа trасhоmаtis, штамм L-2, вызывающий у людей мочеполовой хламидиоз.
From the first there had been a different feel about the ship, and as the big winds and waves began to strain her she commenced leaking.
Едва мы двинулись в обратный путь, бриг повел себя как-то необычно, а когда его стали трепать сильные ветры и волны, он дал течь.
Wells, Herbert George / Tono-BungayУэллс, Герберт / Тоно Бенге
Тоно Бенге
Уэллс, Герберт
© Издательство "Правда", 1964
Tono-Bungay
Wells, Herbert George
© the Literary Executors of the Estate of H. G. Wells
Linden did not know how even a Giant's thews could stand the strain Galewrath endured. But the blunt woman clung like hard hope to her task and did not let go.
Линден поражалась силе Великанши: напряжение, которое требовалось от её мышц при такой работе, превосходило сверхвыносливость любого Великана.
Donaldson, Stephen R. / The One TreeДональдсон, Стивен Р. / Первое дерево
Первое дерево
Дональдсон, Стивен Р.
The One Tree
Donaldson, Stephen R.
© 1982 by Stephen R. Donaldson
At 20% one-pass strain this corresponded to a strain rate of 0.7 s−1 in the deformation region.
При степени обжатия 20% за проход это соответствует скорости деформации в очаге 0,7 с"1.
When the constructed plasmid pZZSA is introduced into E. coli BL21(DE3) cells protein synthesis in the resulting strain is effected by inducing with 1 mM IPTG.
При введении сконструированной плазмиды pZZSA в клетки E.Coli BL21(DE3) синтез белка в полученном штамме осуществляется после зо индукции 1 mM IPTG.
With which consolatory deduction from the gloomy premises recited, Mr Tigg roused himself by a great effort, and proceeded in his former strain.
Сделав такой утешительный вывод из своих мрачных раздумий, мистер Тигг воспрянул духом и продолжал с прежней живостью:
Dickens, Charles / Martin ChuzzlewitДиккенс, Чарльз / Жизнь и приключения Мартина Чезлвита
Жизнь и приключения Мартина Чезлвита
Диккенс, Чарльз
© Государственное издательство художественной литературы, 1960
Martin Chuzzlewit
Dickens, Charles
© Wordsworth Editions Limited 1994
Low rolling temperature and strain rate provide dynamic recrystallization process with division of plates and formation of fine, about 0.2 μm, equiaxial grains.
Низкая температура прокатки и медленная скорость деформации при прокатке обеспечивают протекание процесса динамической рекристаллизации с делением пластин и образованием очень мелких, порядка 0,2 мкм, равноосных зерен.
Then, all at once, even as the coffin descended, supported by the cords, whose knots made it strain and creak, a tremendous uproar arose in the poultry-yard on the other side of the wall.
Вдруг, как раз в то время, когда гроб на поскрипывавших узлами веревках опускался в могилу, со скотного двора за стеною донесся ужасающий шум.
Zola, Emile / Abbe Mouret's TransgressionЗоля, Эмиль / Проступок аббата Муре
Проступок аббата Муре
Золя, Эмиль
Abbe Mouret's Transgression
Zola, Emile
© BiblioBazaar, LLC
deterioration due to thermal strain;
износ в результате термической деформации;
© «Сахалин Энерджи» 2006
© Sakhalin Energy 2006
"She is fade and insipid," and adds some more kind remarks in this strain, which I should never have repeated at all, but that they are in truth prodigiously complimentary to the young lady whom they concern.
- Она бесцветна и безжизненна", - тут следует еще несколько не менее любезных замечаний в том же роде, о коих я бы не упомянул, если бы они, в сущности говоря, не были скорее лестными для упомянутой молодой особы.
Thackeray, William Makepeace / Vanity FairТеккерей, Уильям Мейкпис / Ярмарка тщеславия
Ярмарка тщеславия
Теккерей, Уильям Мейкпис
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1976
Vanity Fair
Thackeray, William Makepeace
© Wordsworth Editions Limited 2001
His already gaunt face tightened and thinned under the strain.
И без того худое лицо Илайаса вытянулось еще больше, заострилось от напряжения.
Jordan, Robert / The Eye of the WorldДжордан, Роберт / Око мира
Око мира
Джордан, Роберт
The Eye of the World
Jordan, Robert
© 1990 by Robert Jordan
The method of anthrax prevention, including introduction of acting substance, with distinction that the bacteriolytic complex produced by bacterial strain Lysobacter sp. XL 1 is used as acting substance.
Способ профилактики сибирской язвы, включающий введение действующего средства, отличающийся тем, что в качестве действующего средства используют бактериолитический комплекс, продуцируемый штаммом бактерии Lysobacter sp. XL 1.

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strain1/65
streɪnNounнатяжение; растяжение

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Collocations

active strain gage
активный тензодатчик
age embrittlement strain
деформация с охрупчиванием при старении
alternating strain
знакопеременная деформация
axial strain
продольная деформация
Baeyer strain theory
теория напряжений Баэра
bending strain
деформация изгиба
bending strain
изгибающее усилие
bow-wow strain
высокопарный стиль
bow-wow strain
категоричная манера выражения
breaking strain
разрушающая деформация
buckling strain
деформация при потере устойчивости
buckling strain
деформация продольного изгиба
casting strain
деформация отливки
casting strain
коробление отливки
circumferential strain gage
тензометр для замера окружных деформаций

Word forms

strain

noun
SingularPlural
Common casestrainstrains
Possessive casestrain'sstrains'

strain

verb
Basic forms
Paststrained
Imperativestrain
Present Participle (Participle I)straining
Past Participle (Participle II)strained
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I strainwe strain
you strainyou strain
he/she/it strainsthey strain
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am strainingwe are straining
you are strainingyou are straining
he/she/it is strainingthey are straining
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have strainedwe have strained
you have strainedyou have strained
he/she/it has strainedthey have strained
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been strainingwe have been straining
you have been strainingyou have been straining
he/she/it has been strainingthey have been straining
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I strainedwe strained
you strainedyou strained
he/she/it strainedthey strained
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was strainingwe were straining
you were strainingyou were straining
he/she/it was strainingthey were straining
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had strainedwe had strained
you had strainedyou had strained
he/she/it had strainedthey had strained
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been strainingwe had been straining
you had been strainingyou had been straining
he/she/it had been strainingthey had been straining
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will strainwe shall/will strain
you will strainyou will strain
he/she/it will strainthey will strain
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be strainingwe shall/will be straining
you will be strainingyou will be straining
he/she/it will be strainingthey will be straining
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have strainedwe shall/will have strained
you will have strainedyou will have strained
he/she/it will have strainedthey will have strained
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been strainingwe shall/will have been straining
you will have been strainingyou will have been straining
he/she/it will have been strainingthey will have been straining
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would strainwe should/would strain
you would strainyou would strain
he/she/it would strainthey would strain
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be strainingwe should/would be straining
you would be strainingyou would be straining
he/she/it would be strainingthey would be straining
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have strainedwe should/would have strained
you would have strainedyou would have strained
he/she/it would have strainedthey would have strained
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been strainingwe should/would have been straining
you would have been strainingyou would have been straining
he/she/it would have been strainingthey would have been straining
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am strainedwe are strained
you are strainedyou are strained
he/she/it is strainedthey are strained
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being strainedwe are being strained
you are being strainedyou are being strained
he/she/it is being strainedthey are being strained
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been strainedwe have been strained
you have been strainedyou have been strained
he/she/it has been strainedthey have been strained
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was strainedwe were strained
you were strainedyou were strained
he/she/it was strainedthey were strained
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being strainedwe were being strained
you were being strainedyou were being strained
he/she/it was being strainedthey were being strained
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been strainedwe had been strained
you had been strainedyou had been strained
he/she/it had been strainedthey had been strained
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be strainedwe shall/will be strained
you will be strainedyou will be strained
he/she/it will be strainedthey will be strained
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been strainedwe shall/will have been strained
you will have been strainedyou will have been strained
he/she/it will have been strainedthey will have been strained