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without examplesFound in 2 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

toughen

['tʌf(ə)n] брит. / амер.

гл.

    1. делаться жёстким

    2. делать жёстким

    1. напрягаться

    2. напрягать

  1. = toughen up ужесточать, закалять, укреплять

Learning (En-Ru)

toughen

['tʌfn]

v

делать(ся) жёстким

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Examples from texts

As a desert-town boy, I was raised in fierce dry heat, which does not distract, but tends either to enervate or to toughen the sinews of the mind and focus thought.
Я родился и вырос в городке, расположенном в пустыне, поэтому привык к сухой жаре, которая не отвлекает, а, наоборот, способствует ясности мыслей.
Koontz, Dean Ray / Brother OddКунц, Дин / Брат Томас
Брат Томас
Кунц, Дин
© Перевод. В. А. Вебер, 2007
© Издание на русском языке. ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2007
© 2006 by Dean Koontz
Brother Odd
Koontz, Dean Ray
© 2006 by Dean Koontz
At the turn of the century, the goal of sustainable energy supply to the EU amid toughening environmental requirements and improvement in the competitiveness of the European industry through the reduction of energy prices comes to the foreground.
На рубеже XX - XXI вв. на первый план выдвигается задача надежного снабжения ЕС энергоносителями в условиях жестких требований к экологии, повышения конкурентоспособности продукции европейской промышленности за счет снижения цен на энергоносители.
©2004-2005 by RECEP
And your mind ached and toughened.
И в голове у тебя ноет и напрягается.
Jones, James / From Here to EternityДжонс, Джеймс / Отныне и вовек
Отныне и вовек
Джонс, Джеймс
© Издательство "Правда", 1989
From Here to Eternity
Jones, James
© 1951 by James Jones
© renewed 1991 by Gloria Jones, James Anthony Phillipe Jones, and Kaylie Anne Jones
Parliament toughens tax legislation
Парламент ужесточает налоговое законодательство
© 2006 UFC Capital
© 2006 UFC Capital
Secondly, toughening competition in the world market of educational services.
Второе: рост конкуренции на мировом рынке образовательных услуг.
©2004-2005 by RECEP
©2004-2005 by RECEP
“Is it just me,” Cafferty asked Rebus, “or is she toughening up?”
— Это я ее так раздражаю, — спросил Кафферти Ребуса, — или у нее крепнет характер?
Rankin, Ian / The Naming of the DeadРэнкин, Иэн / Перекличка мертвых
Перекличка мертвых
Рэнкин, Иэн
© John Rebus Ltd 2006
© Ю. Вейсберг, перевод на русский язык, 2009
© ООО "Издательская группа Аттикус", Издательство "Иностранка" 2009
The Naming of the Dead
Rankin, Ian
© John Rebus Ltd 2006
NBU toughened the conditions for selection of banks for refinancing
НБУ ужесточил условия отбора банков для рефинансирования
© 2006 UFC Capital
© 2006 UFC Capital
This is dictated, on one hand, by the effort to save metal, and, on the other hand, by toughened consumer demands associated with a specific character of some segments of industry.
С одной стороны это продиктовано проблемой экономии металла, с другой - ужесточением требований потребителей в связи со спецификой ряда отраслей промышленности.
He had his own trained men; he had his kobun Nii, his most trusted fellow, virtually connected by tether to the child; he had forty toughened soldiers from Boss Otani, ready to die for him.
У него были его собственные хорошо обученные люди, у него был его кобун Нии, его доверенный помощник, буквально привязанный к ребенку, были сорок самых закаленных бойцов босса Отани, готовые умереть за него.
Hunter, Stephen / The 47th samuraiХантер, Стивен / 47-й самурай
47-й самурай
Хантер, Стивен
© С.Саксин, перевод на русский язык, 2009
© Издание на русском языке ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2009
© 2007 by Stephen Hunter
The 47th samurai
Hunter, Stephen
© 2007 by Stephen Hunter
Northland Trolls had survived within the mountains, grown huge and strong, their skin toughened until it had taken on the appearance of rough tree bark.
Например, горные тролли на севере стали сильнее и выше ростом, кожа их потемнела и огрубела и похожа теперь на кору старого дерева. Но они все равно остались троллями.
Brooks, Terry / The Wishsong of ShannaraБрукс, Терри / Песнь Шаннары
Песнь Шаннары
Брукс, Терри
The Wishsong of Shannara
Brooks, Terry
© 1985 by Terrence D. Brooks
The Bamiyan sun had toughened his skin, and turned it several shades darker than I remembered, and he had lost a few of his front teeth. There were sparse strands of hair on his chin.
Под солнцем Бамиана кожа у него задубела и потемнела. Нескольких передних зубов нет, зато обзавелся жидкой бороденкой.
Hosseini, Khaled / The Kite RunnerХоссейни, Халед / Бегущий за ветром
Бегущий за ветром
Хоссейни, Халед
The Kite Runner
Hosseini, Khaled
© 2003 by Khaled Hosseini
“Did I say she was toughening up?
— Я сказал, что у нее крепнет характер?
Rankin, Ian / The Naming of the DeadРэнкин, Иэн / Перекличка мертвых
Перекличка мертвых
Рэнкин, Иэн
© John Rebus Ltd 2006
© Ю. Вейсберг, перевод на русский язык, 2009
© ООО "Издательская группа Аттикус", Издательство "Иностранка" 2009
The Naming of the Dead
Rankin, Ian
© John Rebus Ltd 2006
Barnaulskaya CHPS-2: Decrease of available power due to toughening of power restrictions for type "R" turbines imposed by the System Operator
Бар.ТЭЦ-2: снижение располагаемой мощности из-за увеличения ограничений мощности, согласованных Системным оператором, по турбинам типа «Р».
© 2005-2011 JSC "Kuzbassenergo"

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toughen1/6
'tʌf(ə)nVerbделаться жёстким

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Collocations

toughen muscles
напрягать мышцы
toughen up
ужесточать
toughen up
усиливать
to toughen one’s position on the issue
ужесточить свою позицию по этому вопросу
chemically toughened glass
химически упрочненное стекло
toughened glass
закаленное стекло
toughening furnace
закалочная печь
toughening up
закаливание

Word forms

toughen

verb
Basic forms
Pasttoughened
Imperativetoughen
Present Participle (Participle I)toughening
Past Participle (Participle II)toughened
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I toughenwe toughen
you toughenyou toughen
he/she/it toughensthey toughen
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am tougheningwe are toughening
you are tougheningyou are toughening
he/she/it is tougheningthey are toughening
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have toughenedwe have toughened
you have toughenedyou have toughened
he/she/it has toughenedthey have toughened
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been tougheningwe have been toughening
you have been tougheningyou have been toughening
he/she/it has been tougheningthey have been toughening
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I toughenedwe toughened
you toughenedyou toughened
he/she/it toughenedthey toughened
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was tougheningwe were toughening
you were tougheningyou were toughening
he/she/it was tougheningthey were toughening
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had toughenedwe had toughened
you had toughenedyou had toughened
he/she/it had toughenedthey had toughened
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been tougheningwe had been toughening
you had been tougheningyou had been toughening
he/she/it had been tougheningthey had been toughening
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will toughenwe shall/will toughen
you will toughenyou will toughen
he/she/it will toughenthey will toughen
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be tougheningwe shall/will be toughening
you will be tougheningyou will be toughening
he/she/it will be tougheningthey will be toughening
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have toughenedwe shall/will have toughened
you will have toughenedyou will have toughened
he/she/it will have toughenedthey will have toughened
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been tougheningwe shall/will have been toughening
you will have been tougheningyou will have been toughening
he/she/it will have been tougheningthey will have been toughening
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would toughenwe should/would toughen
you would toughenyou would toughen
he/she/it would toughenthey would toughen
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be tougheningwe should/would be toughening
you would be tougheningyou would be toughening
he/she/it would be tougheningthey would be toughening
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have toughenedwe should/would have toughened
you would have toughenedyou would have toughened
he/she/it would have toughenedthey would have toughened
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been tougheningwe should/would have been toughening
you would have been tougheningyou would have been toughening
he/she/it would have been tougheningthey would have been toughening
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am toughenedwe are toughened
you are toughenedyou are toughened
he/she/it is toughenedthey are toughened
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being toughenedwe are being toughened
you are being toughenedyou are being toughened
he/she/it is being toughenedthey are being toughened
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been toughenedwe have been toughened
you have been toughenedyou have been toughened
he/she/it has been toughenedthey have been toughened
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was toughenedwe were toughened
you were toughenedyou were toughened
he/she/it was toughenedthey were toughened
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being toughenedwe were being toughened
you were being toughenedyou were being toughened
he/she/it was being toughenedthey were being toughened
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been toughenedwe had been toughened
you had been toughenedyou had been toughened
he/she/it had been toughenedthey had been toughened
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be toughenedwe shall/will be toughened
you will be toughenedyou will be toughened
he/she/it will be toughenedthey will be toughened
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been toughenedwe shall/will have been toughened
you will have been toughenedyou will have been toughened
he/she/it will have been toughenedthey will have been toughened