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without examplesFound in 10 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

vacuum

['vækjuːm] , [-juəm] брит. / амер.

  1. сущ.; мн. vacuums, vacua

    1. физ. вакуум, безвоздушное пространство

    2. разг. пониженное давление (по сравнению с атмосферным)

    3. пустота

    4. разг. пылесос

  2. гл.; разг.

    чистить пылесосом

Learning (En-Ru)

vacuum

['vækjǔəm]

n

вакуум

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Examples from texts

As a result of the performed researches it has been determined, that use of a ceramic-metal covering of titan trinitride applied by a method of ionic bombardment in vacuum allows to reach necessary operational characteristics.
В результате проведенных исследований было определено, что применение именно металлокерамического покрытия из тринитрида титана, нанесенного методом ионной бомбардировки в вакууме позволяет достичь необходимых эксплуатационных характеристик.
These things are created out of the vacuum by some new kind of radioactive process, quite independent of any that are already known and which occurs too seldom to show up in ordinary laboratory experiments.
Вещество рождается из вакуума благодаря новому радиоактивному процессу, который проходит совершенно независимо от всех уже известных процессов и возникает так редко, что его нельзя наблюдать в обычных лабораторных экспериментах.
Dirac, Paul / Directions in PhysicsДирак, Поль / Пути физики
Пути физики
Дирак, Поль
© Перевод на русский язык, Энергоатомиздат, 1983
© John Wiley and Sons, 1978
Directions in Physics
Dirac, Paul
© 1978 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Partial vacuum of 0.03 MPa is created within the chamber by pumping out the air with a vacuum pump.
Затем в камере создают вакуум до 0,03MПa путем откачивания из нее воздуха вакуум-насосом-.
The ceramic-metal covering can be made of titan-trinitride and applied by a method of ionic bombardment in vacuum.
Металлокерамическое покрытие может выполнено из тринитрида титана методом ионной бомбардировки в вакууме.
At the same time pipeline 25 can be connected to pipeline 42 for evacuating distillate from petroleum distillation column 43 or to pipeline 4 for evacuating distillate from vacuum oil stock distillation column 1.
При этом магистраль 25 может быть подключена к магистрали 42 отвода дистиллята из колонны 43 перегонки нефти или к магистрали 4 отвода дистиллята из вакуумной колонны 1 перегонки нефтяного сырья.
No country or region could exist in a vacuum. All problems and needs were interrelated and must be addressed from a common perspective.
Ни одна страна или регион не может существовать в вакууме: все проблемы и вопросы, связанные с удовлетворением потребностей, взаимосвязаны, и для их решения необходимо выработать общий подход.
© Организация Объединенных Наций, 2010 год
© United Nations 2010
The plant according to claim 8, characterized in that the steam outlet of the steam generator is additionally connected to the vacuum oil stock distillation column and/or to the pipeline for supplying oil stock to this vacuum column.
Установка по п. 8, отличающаяся тем, что выход пара из парогенератора дополнительно сообщен с вакуумной колонной перегонки нефтяного сырья и/или с магистралью подвода нефтяного сырья в эту вакуумную колонну.
Therefore, a strict and constant maintenance of vacuum in all technological systems, automatic protection from accidents and the precise automated regulation of the gas flow is of importance in a gaseous diffusion plant.
Следовательно, на газодиффузионной установке важное значение имеют строгое и постоянное поддержание вакуума во всех технологических системах, автоматическая защита от аварий и точное автоматическое регулирование потока газа.
© Организация Объединенных Наций, 2010 год
© United Nations 2010
The toluol is evaporated in vacuum, the residue is sublimated.
Толуол упаривают в вакууме, остаток перегоняют.
a consumption of steam supplied to the vacuum producing plant from an external source is excluded.
-сключается потребление вакуумсоздающей установкой водяного пара, поступающего к установке от внешнего источника.
Then vacuum-sublimation drying of the reaction mixture is carried out, in the course of which a white substance forms in the reaction mixture.
Далее проводят вакуумно-сублимационную сушку реакционной смеси, в ходе которой в реакционной смеси образуется белая субстанция.
Cold cathodes can be employed both in the most varied vacuum electronics instruments, and also in various light sources.
Холодные катоды могут применяться как в самых различных приборах вакуумной электроники, так и в источниках света различного назначения.
Pipeline 25 for supplying distillate to steam generator 23 can be connected to pipeline 4 for evacuating distillate from vacuum column 1 or to pipeline 42 for evacuating distillate from atmospheric of high pressure petroleum distillation column 43.
Магистраль 25, подвода дистиллята к парогенератору 23, может быть подключена к магистрали 4 отвода дистиллята из вакуумной колонны 1 или к магистрали 42 отвода дистиллята из колонны 43 перегонки нефти под избыточным или атмосферным давлением.
After distilling off the dioxane in vacuum, 5 mL of alcohol are added, cooled, and the precipitate filtered.
После отгонки диоксана в вакууме добавляют 5 мл спирта, охлаждают, осадок отфильтровывают.
However, as will soon be demonstrated, at later times, outside the in region, freely falling particle detectors may still register particles in this 'vacuum' state.
Однако, как будет показано ниже, в последующие моменты времени, вне т-области, свободно падающий детектор частиц может все еще регистрировать частицы в этом вакуумном состоянии.
Birrell, N.D.,Davies, P.C.W. / Quantum fields in curved spaceБиррелл, Н.,Девис, П. / Квантованные поля в искривленном пространстве-времени
Квантованные поля в искривленном пространстве-времени
Биррелл, Н.,Девис, П.
© Cambridge University Press, 1982
© Перевод на русский язык, «Мир», 1984
Quantum fields in curved space
Birrell, N.D.,Davies, P.C.W.
© Cambridge University Press 1982

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vacuum1/25
'vækjuːm; -juəmNounвакуум; безвоздушное пространствоExamples

to create / produce a vacuum — образовать безвоздушное пространство
The spinning turbine creates a vacuum. — Вращающаяся турбина создаёт вакуум.

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Collocations

absolute vacuum gage
вакуумметр для измерения абсолютного давления
air filter vacuum gage
вакуумный индикатор загрязнения воздушного фильтра
air-assist vacuum formation
пневмовакуумное формование
atmospheric and vacuum distillation unit
атмосферно-вакуумная перегонная установка
band vacuum filter
ленточный вакуум - фильтр
band vacuum filter
ленточный вакуум-фильтр
base vacuum
донное разрежение
blank-off vacuum
предельная разреженность
booster vacuum pump
бустерный вакуумный насос
combination atmospheric-vacuum rerun unit
комбинированная атмосферно-вакуумная установка вторичной перегонки
compressive-vacuum
компрессионно-вакуумный
differential vacuum gage
дифференциальный вакуумметр
disk vacuum filter
дисковый вакуум-фильтр
electric vacuum device
электровакуумный прибор
epitaxial vacuum growth
эпитаксиальное выращивание из паровой фазы в вакууме

Word forms

vacuum

noun
SingularPlural
Common casevacuumvacuums, vacua
Possessive casevacuum's*vacuums', *vacua's

vacuum

verb
Basic forms
Pastvacuumed
Imperativevacuum
Present Participle (Participle I)vacuuming
Past Participle (Participle II)vacuumed
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I vacuumwe vacuum
you vacuumyou vacuum
he/she/it vacuumsthey vacuum
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am vacuumingwe are vacuuming
you are vacuumingyou are vacuuming
he/she/it is vacuumingthey are vacuuming
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have vacuumedwe have vacuumed
you have vacuumedyou have vacuumed
he/she/it has vacuumedthey have vacuumed
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been vacuumingwe have been vacuuming
you have been vacuumingyou have been vacuuming
he/she/it has been vacuumingthey have been vacuuming
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I vacuumedwe vacuumed
you vacuumedyou vacuumed
he/she/it vacuumedthey vacuumed
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was vacuumingwe were vacuuming
you were vacuumingyou were vacuuming
he/she/it was vacuumingthey were vacuuming
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had vacuumedwe had vacuumed
you had vacuumedyou had vacuumed
he/she/it had vacuumedthey had vacuumed
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been vacuumingwe had been vacuuming
you had been vacuumingyou had been vacuuming
he/she/it had been vacuumingthey had been vacuuming
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will vacuumwe shall/will vacuum
you will vacuumyou will vacuum
he/she/it will vacuumthey will vacuum
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be vacuumingwe shall/will be vacuuming
you will be vacuumingyou will be vacuuming
he/she/it will be vacuumingthey will be vacuuming
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have vacuumedwe shall/will have vacuumed
you will have vacuumedyou will have vacuumed
he/she/it will have vacuumedthey will have vacuumed
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been vacuumingwe shall/will have been vacuuming
you will have been vacuumingyou will have been vacuuming
he/she/it will have been vacuumingthey will have been vacuuming
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would vacuumwe should/would vacuum
you would vacuumyou would vacuum
he/she/it would vacuumthey would vacuum
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be vacuumingwe should/would be vacuuming
you would be vacuumingyou would be vacuuming
he/she/it would be vacuumingthey would be vacuuming
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have vacuumedwe should/would have vacuumed
you would have vacuumedyou would have vacuumed
he/she/it would have vacuumedthey would have vacuumed
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been vacuumingwe should/would have been vacuuming
you would have been vacuumingyou would have been vacuuming
he/she/it would have been vacuumingthey would have been vacuuming
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am vacuumedwe are vacuumed
you are vacuumedyou are vacuumed
he/she/it is vacuumedthey are vacuumed
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being vacuumedwe are being vacuumed
you are being vacuumedyou are being vacuumed
he/she/it is being vacuumedthey are being vacuumed
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been vacuumedwe have been vacuumed
you have been vacuumedyou have been vacuumed
he/she/it has been vacuumedthey have been vacuumed
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was vacuumedwe were vacuumed
you were vacuumedyou were vacuumed
he/she/it was vacuumedthey were vacuumed
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being vacuumedwe were being vacuumed
you were being vacuumedyou were being vacuumed
he/she/it was being vacuumedthey were being vacuumed
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been vacuumedwe had been vacuumed
you had been vacuumedyou had been vacuumed
he/she/it had been vacuumedthey had been vacuumed
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be vacuumedwe shall/will be vacuumed
you will be vacuumedyou will be vacuumed
he/she/it will be vacuumedthey will be vacuumed
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been vacuumedwe shall/will have been vacuumed
you will have been vacuumedyou will have been vacuumed
he/she/it will have been vacuumedthey will have been vacuumed