about icon-addNote android4 Answer apple4 icon-appStoreEN icon-appStoreES icon-appStorePT icon-appStoreRU Imported Layers Copy 7 icon-arrow-spined icon-ask icon-attention icon-bubble-blue icon-bubble-red ButtonError ButtonLoader ButtonOk icon-cake icon-camera icon-card-add icon-card-calendar icon-card-remove icon-card-sort chrome-extension-ru chrome-extension-es-mx chrome-extension-pt-br chrome-extension-ru comment comment icon-cop-cut icon-cop-star Cross Dislike icon-editPen icon-entrance icon-errorBig facebook flag flag_vector icon-globe icon-googlePlayEN icon-googlePlayRU icon-greyLoader icon-cake Heart 4EB021E9-B441-4209-A542-9E882D3252DE Created with sketchtool. Info Kebab icon-lamp icon-lampBig icon-learnHat icon-learning-hat Dislike Loup Loup icon-more icon-note icon-notifications icon-pen Pencil icon-play icon-plus-light icon-plus icon-rosie-cut Rune scrollUp Share-icon Shevron-Down Shevron Left Shevron Right sound sound1 sound2 sound3 sound4 sound2 icon-star Swap icon-translate Trash icon-tutor-ellipsis icon-tutor-flip Tutor folder icon icon-tutor-learned icon-twoWayArrow Mezhdunarodny_logotip_VK vk icon-word pen_icon Logo Logo Logo
without examplesFound in 12 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

burden

['bɜːdn] брит. / амер.

    1. сущ.

      1. ноша; груз; тяжесть

      2. бремя

      3. грузоподъёмность (судна)

      4. накладные расходы

      5. горн. пустая порода, покрывающая руду

    2. гл.

      1. грузить, нагружать

      2. (burden with) обременять, отягощать

  1. сущ.

    1. припев, рефрен

    2. тема; основная мысль

Learning (En-Ru)

burden

['bæːdn]

  1. n

    1. ноша; тяжесть

    2. бремя

  2. v

    обременять

Unlock all free
thematic dictionaries

Examples from texts

"Ministers unanimously agreed that mental health problems are significant contributors to the global disease burden, have huge economic and social costs, and cause human suffering.
Министры единодушно согласились, что проблемы психического здоровья являются существенным вкладом в глобальное бремя расстройств, имеют огромные экономические и социальные затраты, и причиняют человеческие страдания.
© 2001-2006 EurasiaHealth Knowledge Network and American International Health Alliance
But she also knew that he was innately attractive to women, and that there were enough of the philandering type to want to lead him astray and make her life a burden.
Но Эйлин хорошо знала, что он нравится женщинам, а разве мало бездушных кокеток, которые рады будут завлечь его и исковеркать ей жизнь.
Dreiser, Theodore / The TitanДрайзер, Теодор / Титан
Титан
Драйзер, Теодор
© Издательство "Правда", 1981
The Titan
Dreiser, Theodore
© 1914 by JOHN LANE COMPANY
Capitalism would perhaps not need to enter into active combat with this “invincible armada” which, even without that, will be wrecked on the reefs of land hunger and the burden of taxation.
Капитализм мог бы, пожалуй, и не вступать в активную борьбу с этой «Непобедимой Армадой»; она и без того разрушается о подводные камни малоземелья и налоговых тягостей.
Плеханов, Г. В. / Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. ЛавровуPlekhanov, G. V. / Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Plekhanov, G. V.
Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. Лаврову
Плеханов, Г. В.
© Государственное издательство политической литературы, 1949 г.
He felt he had cast off that fearful burden that had so long been weighing upon him, and all at once there was a sense of relief and peace in his soul.
Он почувствовал, что уже сбросил с себя это страшное бремя, давившее его так долго, и на душе его стало вдруг легко и мирно.
Достоевский, Фёдор / Преступление и наказаниеDostoevsky, Fyodor / Crime and Punishment
Crime and Punishment
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
© 2009 Rhodes Media
Преступление и наказание
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1970
Even now there are village communities in which the land is not a burden for the peasant, communities in which, on the contrary , it brings him a definite, though not large, income.
И теперь есть общины, в которых земля не является бременем для крестьянина, в которых она приносит ему, напротив, некоторый, хотя и небольшой, доход.
Плеханов, Г. В. / Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. ЛавровуPlekhanov, G. V. / Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Plekhanov, G. V.
Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. Лаврову
Плеханов, Г. В.
© Государственное издательство политической литературы, 1949 г.
Then came the rains, the bad will of the natives, and the loss of the beasts of burden, from falling under the stings of the tsetse.
Затем начались дожди. Вьючных животных кусали мухи цеце, и они гибли. Туземное население держало себя враждебно.
Verne, Jules / Dick Sand, or A Captain at FifteenВерн, Жюль / Пятнадцатилетний капитан
Пятнадцатилетний капитан
Верн, Жюль
© Художественная литература, 1954
Dick Sand, or A Captain at Fifteen
Verne, Jules
© 2006 Biblio Bazaar
In 33 African countries, the AIDS burden means an estimated additional US$ 450-560 million will be needed annually if the goal is to be met
В 33 странах Африки из-за тяжелого бремени расходов на борьбу со СПИДом потребуется примерно 450-560 миллионов долл. США в год, чтобы достичь намеченной цели
© UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
www.unaids.org 18.11.2009
The great cloud was still louring black and threatening on the far horizon, but I no longer felt afraid of it - I felt only an inexpressibly pleasant hopefulness in proportion, as trust in life replaced the late burden of fear.
Черная туча так же грозно застилает противоположную сторону небосклона, но я уже не боюсь ее. Я испытываю невыразимо отрадное чувство надежды в жизни, быстро заменяющее во мне тяжелое чувство страха.
Толстой, Л.Н. / ОтрочествоTolstoy, Leo / Boyhood
Boyhood
Tolstoy, Leo
© Arc Manor 2008
Отрочество
Толстой, Л.Н.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1960
Fulfillment of conditionality under the third annual arrangement with the IMF under the PRGF program to reduce the debt burden;
выполнение условий третьей годовой договоренности с МВФ в рамках программы ПРГФ для снижения долгового бремени;
The fear of Huitzilopochtli ran deep—the success of the Mexica in war after war had seen to that—and to hear such terrible threats against a powerful god was a heavy burden to place upon them.
Страх перед Уицилопочтли глубоко засел в их душах – успехи мексиканцев в многочисленных войнах не прошли даром – и слышать такие ужасные угрозы в адрес могущественного бога было для них невыносимо.
Card, Orson Scott / Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher ColumbusКард, Орсон Скот / Искупление Христофора Колумба
Искупление Христофора Колумба
Кард, Орсон Скот
Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus
Card, Orson Scott
© 1996 by Orson Scott Card
The alleviation of the tax burden and measures taken to improve tax management had a marked effect on the formation of enterprises’ finances in 2004.
Заметное влияние на формирование финансов предприятий оказывали в 2004 году сокращение налогового бремени и меры по улучшению налогового администрирования.
© 2000-2010 Банк России
As hard as the times. She crooned one of her mother's lullabies, closing her ears to the voices, rocking back and forth again, but this time the burden was in her heart, not in her arms.
Она затыкала уши и, обхватив себя руками, каталась по земле и выводила колыбельные, которые прежде пела ее мать, но боль, поселившаяся внутри, никак не отпускала.
De Lint, Charles / The Little CountryДе Линт, Чарльз / Маленькая страна
Маленькая страна
Де Линт, Чарльз
The Little Country
De Lint, Charles
© 1991 by Charles de Lint
In the process of lowering the basic burden, the chain's links lay down on the floor, and the weight of additional burden decreases.
По мере опускания основного отягощения, звенья цепи ложатся на пол, и вес дополнительного отягощения уменьшается.
We want to live at any price; so we cannot burden ourselves with feelings which, though they might be ornamental enough in peacetime, would be out of place here.
Мы хотим жить, жить во что бы то ни стало; не можем же мы обременять себя чувствами, которые, возможно, украшают человека в мирное время, но совершенно неуместны и фальшивы здесь.
Remarque, Erich Maria / All Quiet on the Western FrontРемарк, Эрих Мария / На Западном фронте без перемен
На Западном фронте без перемен
Ремарк, Эрих Мария
© Издательство «Правда», 1985
All Quiet on the Western Front
Remarque, Erich Maria
© 1929 by Little, Brown, and Company
Yet the scarfs and the bannerets about thee did manifoldly dissuade me from believing thee a vessel of too great a burden.
Но все твои шарфики и бантики убедили меня, что ты корабль не особенно большой вместимости.
Shakespeare, William / Alls Wel that ends WellШекспир, Вильям / Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается
Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается
Шекспир, Вильям
© Издательство "ACADEMIA", 1937
Alls Wel that ends Well
Shakespeare, William
© Susan Snyder 1993

Add to my dictionary

burden1/32
'bɜːdnNounноша; груз; тяжестьExamples

to bear / carry / shoulder a burden — нести груз
to alleviate / lighten / relieve a burden — сбросить груз
to distribute a burden equitably — поровну распределить груз

User translations

The part of speech is not specified

  1. 1.

    обременять

    translation added by олег крысаков
    0

Collocations

absorbed burden
часть накладных расходов, отнесенная на незавершенное производство
beast of burden
вьючное животное
blast-furnace burden
доменная колоша
blow-in burden
доменная задувочная колоша
body burden
дозовая нагрузка
burden additive
доменный присад
burden charges
накладные расходы
burden material
шихтовый материал
burden of adducing evidence
бремя представления доказательств
burden of armaments
бремя вооружений
burden of care
бремя забот
burden of contract
бремя исполнения договора
burden of contract
обязанность исполнить договор
burden of debt
бремя долга
burden of establishing
бремя доказательства

Word forms

burden

noun
SingularPlural
Common caseburdenburdens
Possessive caseburden'sburdens'

burden

verb
Basic forms
Pastburdened
Imperativeburden
Present Participle (Participle I)burdening
Past Participle (Participle II)burdened
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I burdenwe burden
you burdenyou burden
he/she/it burdensthey burden
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am burdeningwe are burdening
you are burdeningyou are burdening
he/she/it is burdeningthey are burdening
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have burdenedwe have burdened
you have burdenedyou have burdened
he/she/it has burdenedthey have burdened
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been burdeningwe have been burdening
you have been burdeningyou have been burdening
he/she/it has been burdeningthey have been burdening
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I burdenedwe burdened
you burdenedyou burdened
he/she/it burdenedthey burdened
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was burdeningwe were burdening
you were burdeningyou were burdening
he/she/it was burdeningthey were burdening
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had burdenedwe had burdened
you had burdenedyou had burdened
he/she/it had burdenedthey had burdened
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been burdeningwe had been burdening
you had been burdeningyou had been burdening
he/she/it had been burdeningthey had been burdening
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will burdenwe shall/will burden
you will burdenyou will burden
he/she/it will burdenthey will burden
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be burdeningwe shall/will be burdening
you will be burdeningyou will be burdening
he/she/it will be burdeningthey will be burdening
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have burdenedwe shall/will have burdened
you will have burdenedyou will have burdened
he/she/it will have burdenedthey will have burdened
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been burdeningwe shall/will have been burdening
you will have been burdeningyou will have been burdening
he/she/it will have been burdeningthey will have been burdening
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would burdenwe should/would burden
you would burdenyou would burden
he/she/it would burdenthey would burden
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be burdeningwe should/would be burdening
you would be burdeningyou would be burdening
he/she/it would be burdeningthey would be burdening
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have burdenedwe should/would have burdened
you would have burdenedyou would have burdened
he/she/it would have burdenedthey would have burdened
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been burdeningwe should/would have been burdening
you would have been burdeningyou would have been burdening
he/she/it would have been burdeningthey would have been burdening
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am burdenedwe are burdened
you are burdenedyou are burdened
he/she/it is burdenedthey are burdened
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being burdenedwe are being burdened
you are being burdenedyou are being burdened
he/she/it is being burdenedthey are being burdened
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been burdenedwe have been burdened
you have been burdenedyou have been burdened
he/she/it has been burdenedthey have been burdened
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was burdenedwe were burdened
you were burdenedyou were burdened
he/she/it was burdenedthey were burdened
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being burdenedwe were being burdened
you were being burdenedyou were being burdened
he/she/it was being burdenedthey were being burdened
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been burdenedwe had been burdened
you had been burdenedyou had been burdened
he/she/it had been burdenedthey had been burdened
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be burdenedwe shall/will be burdened
you will be burdenedyou will be burdened
he/she/it will be burdenedthey will be burdened
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been burdenedwe shall/will have been burdened
you will have been burdenedyou will have been burdened
he/she/it will have been burdenedthey will have been burdened