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without examplesFound in 4 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary

sober

['səubə] брит. / амер.

  1. прил.

    1. трезвый

    2. умеренный, воздержанный (в употреблении спиртных напитков)

    3. рассудительный; благоразумный, здравомыслящий, здравый, разумный, трезвый

    4. серьёзный; нравоучительный (о книгах)

    5. неяркий, мягкий, спокойный (о красках)

  2. гл.

    1. = sober up

      1. отрезвлять

      2. становиться трезвым, отрезвляться

    2. = sober up; = sober down

      1. отрезвлять, возвращать к здравому пониманию чего-л.

      2. остывать, успокаиваться

Learning (En-Ru)

sober

['səǔbə]

  1. adj

    1. трезвый

    2. здравый, здравомыслящий

  2. v

    отрезвлять, приводить в чувство

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Examples from texts

The story was so fantastic and incredible, the telling so credible and sober.
Этот рассказ был таким невероятным и фантастическим, а тон рассказчика так искренен и правдив.
Wells, Herbert George / Time MachineУэллс, Герберт / Машина Времени
Машина Времени
Уэллс, Герберт
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1972
Time Machine
Wells, Herbert George
© Evans Brothers Limited 2002
The Secretary and I dined at Brigadier Britton's, but I left them at six, upon an appointment with some sober company of men and ladies, to drink punch at Sir Andrew Fountaine's.
Мы с секретарем обедали у бригадира Бриттона, но я расстался с ними в шесть, поскольку уговорился, что приду пить пунш к сэру Эндрю Фаунтейну в обществе благонравных мужчин и дам.
Swift, Jonathan / Journal to StellaСвифт, Джонатан / Письма к Стелле
Письма к Стелле
Свифт, Джонатан
© Издательство "Наука", 1981
Journal to Stella
Swift, Jonathan
© BiblioLife, LLC
He drank off another glass, and — he thought it strange himself- that glass made him completely drunk. He was suddenly drunk, although till that moment he had been quite sober, he remembered that.
— Он выпил еще стакан и — странно это ему показалось самому — только от этого последнего стакана и охмелел, вдруг охмелел, а до тех пор всё был трезв, сам помнил это.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / The brothers KaramazovДостоевский, Фёдор / Братья Карамазовы
Братья Карамазовы
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1988
The brothers Karamazov
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
'King Obler is too old to travel very fast, and it's likely to take a week to sober King Wargun up before he can make the voyage from Emsat.'
— Король Облер слишком стар, чтобы приехать так быстро. Да и король Воргун сначала порассудит с неделю, и уж потом соберется выехать из Эмсата.
Eddings, David / Diamond ThroneЭддингс, Дэвид / Алмазный трон
Алмазный трон
Эддингс, Дэвид
Diamond Throne
Eddings, David
© 1989 by David Eddings
"Hark ye, scoundrel," said Varney, "be sober on the instant - I command thee.
— Послушай, негодяй, — сказал Варни, — сию же минуту поди протрезвись. Я приказываю, слышишь?
Scott, Walter / KenilworthСкотт, Вальтер / Кенилворт
Кенилворт
Скотт, Вальтер
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1963
Kenilworth
Scott, Walter
© BiblioLife, LLC
He had a sober look in his eyes.
Вид у него был печальный.
Hosseini, Khaled / The Kite RunnerХоссейни, Халед / Бегущий за ветром
Бегущий за ветром
Хоссейни, Халед
The Kite Runner
Hosseini, Khaled
© 2003 by Khaled Hosseini
Harknesses were shot at the plough, through their lamp-lit cabin windows, coming from camp-meeting, asleep, in duello, sober and otherwise, singly and in family groups, prepared and unprepared.
Гаркнессов пристреливали через освещенные окна их домов, за плугом, во сне, по дороге с молитвенных собраний, на дуэли, в трезвом виде и наоборот, поодиночке и семейными группами, подготовленными к переходу в лучший мир и в нераскаянном состоянии.
O.Henry / squaring the circleГенри, О. / squaring the circle
squaring the circle
Генри, О.
© "РИЦЛитература", 2010
squaring the circle
O.Henry
© Guy Davenport, 1993
“Unhappy man,” said the Jewess; “and art thou condemned to expose thy life for principles, of which thy sober judgment does not acknowledge the solidity?
— Несчастный ты человек! — воскликнула Ревекка. — Неужели ты обречен рисковать жизнью из-за верований, которых не признает твой здравый смысл?
Scott, Walter / YvanhoeСкотт, Вальтер / Айвенго
Айвенго
Скотт, Вальтер
© Издательство "Художественная литература ", 1962
Yvanhoe
Scott, Walter
"Tolerable sober, my angel," returns Mr. Bucket.
В меру трезв, ангел мой, – отвечает мистер Баккет.
Dickens, Charles / Bleak HouseДиккенс, Чарльз / Холодный дом
Холодный дом
Диккенс, Чарльз
© "Государственное издательство художественной литературы", 1960
Bleak House
Dickens, Charles
© 1894, by Macmillan & Co.
Being sober, he expressed no sympathy; he only gave a grunt--whether of approval or reproach, I imagine he did not know himself.
Будучи трезвым, он не высказал никакого сочувствия и только хмыкнул – одобрительно или укоризненно, – этого, я полагаю, он сам не ведал.
Тургенев, И.С. / Записки охотника т.2Turgenev, I.S. / A Sportsman's Sketches v.2
A Sportsman's Sketches v.2
Turgenev, I.S.
© 2006 BiblioBazaar
Записки охотника т.2
Тургенев, И.С.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1975
Only a few tables had people at them, but a dozen men was a crowd for so early in the day, and if none looked exactly happy to see him and Mat, at least they looked clean and sober.
Заняты были всего несколько столов, но в такой ранний час даже дюжина посетителей - уже толпа, и если никто из них не выказал особой радости, увидев Ранда и Мэта, то по крайней мере сидящие за столиками выглядели людьми опрятными и трезвыми.
Jordan, Robert / The Eye of the WorldДжордан, Роберт / Око мира
Око мира
Джордан, Роберт
The Eye of the World
Jordan, Robert
© 1990 by Robert Jordan
A few minutes more, and Emma hoped to see one troublesome companion deposited in his own house, to get sober and cool, and the other recover his temper and happiness when this visit of hardship were over.
Пройдут считанные минуты, уповала Эмма, и ее беспокойных спутников доставят домой; одного – протрезвиться и остыть, а другого – опомниться и прийти в себя после всех бурь и треволнений этой поездки.
Austen, Jane / EmmaОстин, Джейн / Эмма
Эмма
Остин, Джейн
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1989
Emma
Austen, Jane
© 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc.
I was feeling very sober.
Я чувствовал себя очень серьезным и трезвым.
DeChancie, John / Paradox AlleyДе Ченси, Джон / Дорогой парадокса
Дорогой парадокса
Де Ченси, Джон
Paradox Alley
DeChancie, John
© 1987 by John DeChancie
“We wish to hope,” I said, “that the new publication will take a sober view of our revolutionary party’s tasks, on whose fulfilment the party’s future depends.”
«Нам хочется думать, говорил я, что новый орган трезво взглянет на те задачи нашей революционной партии, от решения которых зависит ее будущее».
Плеханов, Г. В. / Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. ЛавровуPlekhanov, G. V. / Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Our Differences. Letter to P. L. Lavrov
Plekhanov, G. V.
Наши разногласия. Письмо к П. Л. Лаврову
Плеханов, Г. В.
© Государственное издательство политической литературы, 1949 г.
Yet perhaps the virtue of those reverend sages was too strict for the corrupt and libertine manners of a court: and we often find by experience, that young men are too opinionated and volatile to be guided by the sober dictates of their seniors.
Разве что добродетель этих почтенных мудрецов слишком сурова для испорченных и распущенных придворных нравов; ведь мы часто познаем на опыте, с каким упрямством и легкомыслием молодежь не хочет слушаться трезвых советов старших.
Swift, Jonathan / Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the worldСвифт, Джонатан / Путешествия Гулливера
Путешествия Гулливера
Свифт, Джонатан
© Издательство "Правда", 1987
Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
Swift, Jonathan

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sober1/16
'səubəAdjectiveтрезвыйExamples

completely / perfectly / stone-cold sober — абсолютно трезвый
to keep / stay sober — не пить, оставаться трезвым

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Collocations

sober person
трезвый
sober reflection
трезвое размышление
sober-sided
здравомыслящий
sober-sided
рассудительный
sober-sided
сдержанный
sober up
вытрезвлять
become sober
вытрезвляться
sober up
вытрезвляться
of sober mind
здравомыслящий
sober down
остепенять
become sober
отрезвляться
sober up
отрезвляться
take a more sober look at things
отрезвляться
sleep oneself sober
проспаться
make sober
протрезвлять

Word forms

sober

adjective
Positive degreesober
Comparative degreesoberer
Superlative degreesoberest

sober

verb
Basic forms
Pastsobered
Imperativesober
Present Participle (Participle I)sobering
Past Participle (Participle II)sobered
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I soberwe sober
you soberyou sober
he/she/it sobersthey sober
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am soberingwe are sobering
you are soberingyou are sobering
he/she/it is soberingthey are sobering
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have soberedwe have sobered
you have soberedyou have sobered
he/she/it has soberedthey have sobered
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been soberingwe have been sobering
you have been soberingyou have been sobering
he/she/it has been soberingthey have been sobering
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I soberedwe sobered
you soberedyou sobered
he/she/it soberedthey sobered
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was soberingwe were sobering
you were soberingyou were sobering
he/she/it was soberingthey were sobering
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had soberedwe had sobered
you had soberedyou had sobered
he/she/it had soberedthey had sobered
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been soberingwe had been sobering
you had been soberingyou had been sobering
he/she/it had been soberingthey had been sobering
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will soberwe shall/will sober
you will soberyou will sober
he/she/it will soberthey will sober
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be soberingwe shall/will be sobering
you will be soberingyou will be sobering
he/she/it will be soberingthey will be sobering
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have soberedwe shall/will have sobered
you will have soberedyou will have sobered
he/she/it will have soberedthey will have sobered
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been soberingwe shall/will have been sobering
you will have been soberingyou will have been sobering
he/she/it will have been soberingthey will have been sobering
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would soberwe should/would sober
you would soberyou would sober
he/she/it would soberthey would sober
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be soberingwe should/would be sobering
you would be soberingyou would be sobering
he/she/it would be soberingthey would be sobering
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have soberedwe should/would have sobered
you would have soberedyou would have sobered
he/she/it would have soberedthey would have sobered
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been soberingwe should/would have been sobering
you would have been soberingyou would have been sobering
he/she/it would have been soberingthey would have been sobering
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am soberedwe are sobered
you are soberedyou are sobered
he/she/it is soberedthey are sobered
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being soberedwe are being sobered
you are being soberedyou are being sobered
he/she/it is being soberedthey are being sobered
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been soberedwe have been sobered
you have been soberedyou have been sobered
he/she/it has been soberedthey have been sobered
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was soberedwe were sobered
you were soberedyou were sobered
he/she/it was soberedthey were sobered
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being soberedwe were being sobered
you were being soberedyou were being sobered
he/she/it was being soberedthey were being sobered
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been soberedwe had been sobered
you had been soberedyou had been sobered
he/she/it had been soberedthey had been sobered
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be soberedwe shall/will be sobered
you will be soberedyou will be sobered
he/she/it will be soberedthey will be sobered
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been soberedwe shall/will have been sobered
you will have been soberedyou will have been sobered
he/she/it will have been soberedthey will have been sobered