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without examplesFound in 12 dictionaries

The Universal Dictionary
  • It is intended for a full-text search and it significantly expands the possibilities of working with lexical items from the Russian glossary of LingvoUniversal. Contains usage examples, synonyms, and antonyms.

lay

[leɪ] брит. / амер.

  1. прил.

    1. мирской (относящийся к жизни в миру, в отличие от монастырской или церковной жизни), светский

    2. непрофессиональный (особенно в области медицины или юриспруденции)

    3. с.-х. незасеянный, под паром (об участке земли)

  2. сущ.

    1. лэ (вид баллады), короткая песенка, короткая баллада

    2. поэт. пение птиц

    1. гл.; прош. вр., прич. прош. вр. laid

        1. класть, положить

        2. валить, опрокидывать, заставлять падать

        3. накрывать, стелить

        4. накладывать, покрывать

        5. хоронить, класть в могилу

      1. сниж. трахнуть, завалить

      2. откладывать (яйца)

      3. приводить в определённое состояние, положение

        1. (lay before) представлять, передавать на рассмотрение

        2. организовывать, готовить

        1. возлагать (вину, ответственность)

        2. налагать (налог, штраф)

      4. придавать (значение)

      5. приписывать (кому-л. что-л.); предъявлять; обвинять

      6. мор. свивать, вить (канаты, верёвки)

        1. воен. нацеливать орудие

        2. ставить капкан, делать засаду прям. и перен.

      7. происходить, совершаться

        1. разг. держать пари, биться об заклад

        2. делать ставку на скачках

        3. (lay on) ставить деньги на (что-л. / кого-л.)

      8. уст.; диал. разрешаться от бремени, рожать; принимать роды

      9. мор. прокладывать курс

      10. диал. затачивать затупившееся лезвие

      11. (lay with) отделывать, украшать чем-л. (одежду)

    2. сущ.

      1. положение, расположение (чего-л.); направление

        1. разг. занятие, дело, поприще, работа

        2. уст. пари

        3. доля в каком-л. деле

      2. берлога, логово, нора, логовище (у животных); колония моллюсков, кораллов

      3. сниж.

        1. половой акт

        2. половой партнёр

      4. с.-х. яйценоскость, яйцекладка

  3. прош. вр. от lie II

Learning (En-Ru)

lay

  1. [leɪ]

    past от lie II

  2. v

    (laid)

    1. класть, положить

    2. класть (определённым образом)

    3. готовить, подготавливать

    4. класть яйца; нестись

    5. в словосочетаниях

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Examples from texts

He was very weak, and when he reached the lawn he lay down and rested for a while.
Он был очень слаб и, дойдя до лужайки, лег на траву и несколько минут отдыхал.
London, Jack / White FangЛондон, Джек / Белый Клык
Белый Клык
Лондон, Джек
© Издательство «ОЛМА-ПРЕСС», 2002
White Fang
London, Jack
© Wordsworth Editions Limited 1992
" Smerdyakov, exhausted by his fit, lay motionless in the next room.
Разбитый падучею Смердяков лежал в другой каморке без движения.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / The brothers KaramazovДостоевский, Фёдор / Братья Карамазовы
Братья Карамазовы
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1988
The brothers Karamazov
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
His hair lay lank against his skull.
- Его волосы мягко обтекали череп.
Saintcrow, Lilith / The Devil's Right HandСэйнткроу, Лилит / Правая рука дьявола
Правая рука дьявола
Сэйнткроу, Лилит
© 2007 by Lilith Saintcrow
© Волковский В. Перевод на русский язык, 2010
© Издание на руском языке, ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2010
The Devil's Right Hand
Saintcrow, Lilith
© 2007 by Lilith Saintcrow
I, too, lay down on mine in a state of great excitement.
Я тоже улегся в свою, но в большом волнении.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor / A Raw YouthДостоевский, Фёдор / Подросток
Подросток
Достоевский, Фёдор
© Издательство "Советская Россия", 1979
A Raw Youth
Dostoevsky, Fyodor
Then he reached for her and they lay silently enjoying the warmth of each other's bodies and the closeness of their spirits.
Они лежали рядом, наслаждаясь спокойной близостью.
Gemmell, David / The Hawk EternalГеммел, Дэвид / Вечный ястреб
Вечный ястреб
Геммел, Дэвид
The Hawk Eternal
Gemmell, David
© 1995 by David A. Gemmell
In the window lay an open letter from Anna Vassilyevna.
На окне лежало раскрытое письмо Анны Васильевны.
Turgenev, I.S. / On the eveТургенев, И.С. / Накануне
Накануне
Тургенев, И.С.
© Издательство "Художественная литература", 1976
On the eve
Turgenev, I.S.
© 1st World Library, 2008
They'll wash the body and lay it out, and do everything that is necessary."
Они и обмоют тело и уберут - всё сделают, что нужно.
Чехов, А.П. / ПопрыгуньяChekhov, A. / The grasshopper
The grasshopper
Chekhov, A.
© 1999 by Random House, Inc.
Попрыгунья
Чехов, А.П.
© Издательство "Наука", 1974
And he lay dead at Ellery's feet.
И вот он, бездыханный, лежит у ее ног.
Salvatore, Robert / Promise of the Witch KingСальваторе, Роберт / Заклятие короля-колдуна
Заклятие короля-колдуна
Сальваторе, Роберт
© 2005 Wizards of the Coast, Inc.
© ИЦ "Максима", 2007
© Е. Фурсикова, перевод, 2007
Promise of the Witch King
Salvatore, Robert
© 2005 Wizards of the Coast, Inc.
Addressing it as it lay, he said: — Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire!
— Иди от меня, проклятая, в огонь вечный, — провозгласил он ей вслед.
Joyce, James / A Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManДжойс, Джеймс / Портрет художника в юности
Портрет художника в юности
Джойс, Джеймс
© Перевод М. Богословской. Наследники, 2007
© Оформление, издание на русском языке. ООО "Издательство "Эксмо", 2007
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Joyce, James
© 2007 BiblioBazaar
Anxious to gain the heights that lay just beyond so that he could view the Rabb Plains and the whole of the country north before the morrow, Bremen made the choice to cross.
Торопясь добраться к утру до лежавших впереди высот, откуда были видны равнины Рэбб и все земли к северу, Бреман решил переправляться.
Brooks, Terry / First King of ShannaraБрукс, Терри / Первый король Шаннары
Первый король Шаннары
Брукс, Терри
First King of Shannara
Brooks, Terry
© 1996 by Terry Brooks
He lay there, half-conscious, waiting for Li to finish him off. Nothing happened.
Он лежал, теряя сознание, и ждал, когда Ли покончит с ним, но ничего не происходило.
Sheldon, Sidney / The Doomsday ConspiracyШелдон, Сидни / Конец света
Конец света
Шелдон, Сидни
© Sidney Sheldon Family Limited Partnership, 1991
© Перевод. А.П. Романов, 1993
© ООО Издательство "АСТ МОСКВА", 2009
The Doomsday Conspiracy
Sheldon, Sidney
© 1991 by Sheldon Literary Trust
The little ornaments on the chimney-piece lay on the hearth in bits.
Осколки безделушек с камина валялись в очаге.
Maugham, Somerset / Of Human BondageМоэм, Сомерсет / Бремя страстей человеческих
Бремя страстей человеческих
Моэм, Сомерсет
© "Издательство иностранной литературы", 1959
Of Human Bondage
Maugham, Somerset
© 1915, 1936 by Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc.
She pulled off her clothes and lay down on the bed, her mind whirling round and round.
Скарлетт стянула с себя платье и легла в постель — мысли ее кружились, кружились.
Mitchell, Margaret / Gone with the windМитчелл, Маргарет / Унесенные ветром. Том 2
Унесенные ветром. Том 2
Митчелл, Маргарет
© Перевод. Т. Кудрявцева, 1982
Gone with the wind
Mitchell, Margaret
© 1936 By Macmillan Publishing Company, a division of Macmillan. Inc
© renewed 1964 by Stephens Mitchell and Trust Compnay of Ceorgia as Executors of Margaret Mitchell Marsh.
© renewed by Stephens Mitchell
The sweet sounds drew nearer, and soon the boat from which they were worked lay alongside us.
Сладостные звуки становились все слышнее, и вскоре лодка, с которой они раздавались, появилась рядом с нами.
Jerome, Jerome Klapka / Three Men in a BoatДжером, Джером Клапка / Трое в лодке не считая собаки
Трое в лодке не считая собаки
Джером, Джером Клапка
© Издательство «ОЛМА-ПРЕСС Образование», 2004
© Донской М.А., Линецкая Э.Л., перевод, 1980
Three Men in a Boat
Jerome, Jerome Klapka
I lay on the ground to kiss his majesty's and the empress's hands.
Я лег на землю, чтобы поцеловать руку императора и императрицы.
Swift, Jonathan / Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the worldСвифт, Джонатан / Путешествия Гулливера
Путешествия Гулливера
Свифт, Джонатан
© Издательство "Правда", 1987
Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world
Swift, Jonathan

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lay1/99
leɪAdjectiveмирской; светскийExamples

The recommendations of Vatican II certainly encourage more active lay participation in the life of the parish. — Постановления Второго Ватиканского Собора, несомненно, поощряют более активное участие мирян в жизни прихода.

User translations

Verb

  1. 1.

    потому что это прошедшее время от глагола lie

    translation added by Наталья Тк
    0

The part of speech is not specified

  1. 1.

    положи

    translation added by Max Mac
    0

Collocations

different lay pairs
пары разного повива
different lay pairs
пары с разным направлением скрутки повива
direction of lay
направление свивки
direction of lay
направление скрутки
double rope lay
двойная свивка каната
kinchin lay
кража денег у детей на улице
lay a bet on
держать пари на что-л
lay a claim to
предъявлять права на
lay a claim to priority
претендовать на приоритет
lay a ghost
изгонять духа
lay a ghost
нежить
lay a ghost
успокаивать мертвеца
lay a heavy tax on smth
облагать что-л. большим налогом
lay a scheme
составлять план
lay a tax on
облагать налогом

Word forms

lay

verb
Basic forms
Pastlaid
Imperativelay
Present Participle (Participle I)laying
Past Participle (Participle II)laid
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I laywe lay
you layyou lay
he/she/it laysthey lay
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am layingwe are laying
you are layingyou are laying
he/she/it is layingthey are laying
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have laidwe have laid
you have laidyou have laid
he/she/it has laidthey have laid
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been layingwe have been laying
you have been layingyou have been laying
he/she/it has been layingthey have been laying
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I laidwe laid
you laidyou laid
he/she/it laidthey laid
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was layingwe were laying
you were layingyou were laying
he/she/it was layingthey were laying
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had laidwe had laid
you had laidyou had laid
he/she/it had laidthey had laid
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been layingwe had been laying
you had been layingyou had been laying
he/she/it had been layingthey had been laying
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will laywe shall/will lay
you will layyou will lay
he/she/it will laythey will lay
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be layingwe shall/will be laying
you will be layingyou will be laying
he/she/it will be layingthey will be laying
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have laidwe shall/will have laid
you will have laidyou will have laid
he/she/it will have laidthey will have laid
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been layingwe shall/will have been laying
you will have been layingyou will have been laying
he/she/it will have been layingthey will have been laying
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would laywe should/would lay
you would layyou would lay
he/she/it would laythey would lay
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be layingwe should/would be laying
you would be layingyou would be laying
he/she/it would be layingthey would be laying
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have laidwe should/would have laid
you would have laidyou would have laid
he/she/it would have laidthey would have laid
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been layingwe should/would have been laying
you would have been layingyou would have been laying
he/she/it would have been layingthey would have been laying
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am laidwe are laid
you are laidyou are laid
he/she/it is laidthey are laid
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being laidwe are being laid
you are being laidyou are being laid
he/she/it is being laidthey are being laid
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been laidwe have been laid
you have been laidyou have been laid
he/she/it has been laidthey have been laid
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was laidwe were laid
you were laidyou were laid
he/she/it was laidthey were laid
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being laidwe were being laid
you were being laidyou were being laid
he/she/it was being laidthey were being laid
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been laidwe had been laid
you had been laidyou had been laid
he/she/it had been laidthey had been laid
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be laidwe shall/will be laid
you will be laidyou will be laid
he/she/it will be laidthey will be laid
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been laidwe shall/will have been laid
you will have been laidyou will have been laid
he/she/it will have been laidthey will have been laid

lie

verb
Basic forms
Pastlay
Imperativelie
Present Participle (Participle I)lying
Past Participle (Participle II)lain
Present Indefinite, Active Voice
I liewe lie
you lieyou lie
he/she/it liesthey lie
Present Continuous, Active Voice
I am lyingwe are lying
you are lyingyou are lying
he/she/it is lyingthey are lying
Present Perfect, Active Voice
I have lainwe have lain
you have lainyou have lain
he/she/it has lainthey have lain
Present Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I have been lyingwe have been lying
you have been lyingyou have been lying
he/she/it has been lyingthey have been lying
Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I laywe lay
you layyou lay
he/she/it laythey lay
Past Continuous, Active Voice
I was lyingwe were lying
you were lyingyou were lying
he/she/it was lyingthey were lying
Past Perfect, Active Voice
I had lainwe had lain
you had lainyou had lain
he/she/it had lainthey had lain
Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I had been lyingwe had been lying
you had been lyingyou had been lying
he/she/it had been lyingthey had been lying
Future Indefinite, Active Voice
I shall/will liewe shall/will lie
you will lieyou will lie
he/she/it will liethey will lie
Future Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will be lyingwe shall/will be lying
you will be lyingyou will be lying
he/she/it will be lyingthey will be lying
Future Perfect, Active Voice
I shall/will have lainwe shall/will have lain
you will have lainyou will have lain
he/she/it will have lainthey will have lain
Future Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I shall/will have been lyingwe shall/will have been lying
you will have been lyingyou will have been lying
he/she/it will have been lyingthey will have been lying
Future in the Past Indefinite, Active Voice
I should/would liewe should/would lie
you would lieyou would lie
he/she/it would liethey would lie
Future in the Past Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would be lyingwe should/would be lying
you would be lyingyou would be lying
he/she/it would be lyingthey would be lying
Future in the Past Perfect, Active Voice
I should/would have lainwe should/would have lain
you would have lainyou would have lain
he/she/it would have lainthey would have lain
Future in the Past Perfect Continuous, Active Voice
I should/would have been lyingwe should/would have been lying
you would have been lyingyou would have been lying
he/she/it would have been lyingthey would have been lying
Present Indefinite, Passive Voice
I am lainwe are lain
you are lainyou are lain
he/she/it is lainthey are lain
Present Continuous, Passive Voice
I am being lainwe are being lain
you are being lainyou are being lain
he/she/it is being lainthey are being lain
Present Perfect, Passive Voice
I have been lainwe have been lain
you have been lainyou have been lain
he/she/it has been lainthey have been lain
Past Indefinite, Passive Voice
I was lainwe were lain
you were lainyou were lain
he/she/it was lainthey were lain
Past Continuous, Passive Voice
I was being lainwe were being lain
you were being lainyou were being lain
he/she/it was being lainthey were being lain
Past Perfect, Passive Voice
I had been lainwe had been lain
you had been lainyou had been lain
he/she/it had been lainthey had been lain
Future Indefinite, Passive Voice
I shall/will be lainwe shall/will be lain
you will be lainyou will be lain
he/she/it will be lainthey will be lain
Future Perfect, Passive Voice
I shall/will have been lainwe shall/will have been lain
you will have been lainyou will have been lain
he/she/it will have been lainthey will have been lain

lay

noun
SingularPlural
Common caselaylays
Possessive caselay'slays'